Chapters 1 and 2: Beer in Mesopotamia
1. How did beer lead to the development of cities in Mesopotamia and Egypt? People went from foraging and hunting while living in villages, to agriculture which lead to the surplus of grain which lead to beer. Having the surplus of grain allowed for some people to specialize in other professions because not everyone was needed to produce food. Having multiple professions contributes to the development of cities. One of the developed professions was priest who collected goods in the form of taxation. Cities began to grow as priest accumulated power. Priest used taxed as a tool to expand villages into towns which got expanded into cities.
Chapters 3 and 4: Wine in Greece and Rome
Describe the role that wine plays in Greek or roman society in relation to social status.
In Greek and roman societies your wine was an emblem of your social status. In the beginning of wine production in Greece wine was so high priced and scarce making it worthy of consumption by gods, also preventing most people from tasting it at all. But as more advanced wine producing techniques were adopted wine became plentiful enough top become widely afforded. So now it was the kind of wine you drank and its age that determined where you ranged on the social status meter. Therefore wine became a symbol of social differentiation; a mark of wealth and status of the drinker.
Chapters 5 and 6: Spirits in the colonial period
Explain how alcohol is related to slave trade.
The African slavers who supplied the Europeans with slaves accepted a range of products in exchange but the most sought-after by far were strong alcoholic drinks. Spirits were given to African slave traders to grease the path of slave trade. Canoe men who ferried goods to and from European ships were also paid in bandy for their work. The connection between spirits and slaves were further strengthened following the invention of rum.
Chapter 7 and 8: Coffee in...
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