ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY I SYLLABUS
a. Introduction (1.5 hours)
Classification of types of analysis, role and importance of analytical chemistry in various aspects of life.
b. Steps in a typical quantitative analysis (10 hours)
Emphasis on sampling protocol, sample preparation, wet chemistry methods, statistical evaluation of data.
c. Review of concepts of stoichiometry (2 hours)
Mole concept, concentrations, dilution and aliquots
d. Review of concepts of equilibria (2 hours)
Types of equilibrium constants, ionic equilibria, activity and activity coefficient. e. Gravimetric analysis (4 hours)
General steps in gravimetric analysis; types of precipitates, solubility products, factors affecting solubility of precipitates, von Weimarn ratio, co-precipitation problems, minimization of co-precipitation problems, gravimetric calculations and applications. f. Volumetric analysis (10.5 hours)
Acid-base titrations, buffers, acid-base indicators, titration curves, precipitation titration methods, complexometric and redox titrations, problem solving, applications. Multimethod
analysis (solving problems involving combinations of classical methods of analysis) g. Introduction to Electrochemistry (3 hours)
ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY II SYLLABUS
a. Introduction to instrumental methods of analysis (18 hours) • Potentiometric methods (general principles and applications), quantitation methods in direct potentiometry. Potentiometric titration methods. Applications. • Visible Spectroscopy (general principle, Beer’s Law, instrumentation, qualitative and quantitative applications).
b. Analytical separations (7 hours)
General principles, calculations and applications of preliminary separation methods such as solvent extractions, ion-exchange, complex formation, precipitation, electrodeposition, solid phase extraction.
c. Instrumental methods of analysis:
Principles and theories, basic components, applications, characteristics of the method (figures of merit).
• Chromatographic methods (7 hours). GC, HPLC and SFC.
• Mass spectrometry (3 hours). (as detectors in GC and ICP) • Molecular spectroscopy (7 hours) (UV-vis and Luminescence methods) • Atomic spectroscopy (6 hours)
• Electroanalytical methods (3 hours)
d. Miscellaneous Methods
• Radioanalytical and thermoanalytical methods (1.5 hours) • Automated analysis. (1.5 hours)
• Methods of compositional analysis (3 hours)
ADVANCED ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS
a. Analytical Philosophy (3 hours)
Philosophy of analytical chemistry. Analytical problems. The analytical process. Quality Systems.
b. Introduction to Quality Assurance (6 hours)
Quality control, quality assessment, laboratory accreditation. Traceability, reference materials, method development and validation, standard organizations and their requirements and introduction to chemometrics.
c. Methods of chemical analysis (3 hours).
Absolute methods. Stoichiometric calculations. Philosophy of instrumentation. Instrumental methods.
d. Statistical evaluation of data (6 hours).
Error analysis. Statistics of measurements. Significance testing – the Student t and F tests. Analysis of variance. Outliers.
e. Principles of sampling (6 hours).
Importance of sampling. Sampling design: site, size, number. Statistical considerations. Sampling methods for gases, liquids and solids.
f. Principles of measurement (6 hours).
Terminology. Figures of merit. Standardization of methods. Selection of analytical methods. Quality control methods. Control charts. Proficiency testing. Uncertainty. g. Principles of calibration (6 hours).
Basic concepts. Requirements for calibration. Modes of calibration. Frequency of calibration. Modes of calibration. Linearity tests. Standard addition method. Calibration uncertainties. Traceability.
h. Experimental design (6 hours).
Statistical design of experiments. Confidence and certainty. Design and selection of standards....
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