psy331 dq1 week4

Topics: Educational psychology, Learning, Psychology Pages: 1 (368 words) Published: May 22, 2014
The central idea underlying in schema theory was the way we process information, and the way we act in specific settings, this is determined to a significant extent by relevant previous knowledge stored in our memory. Such knowledge is said to be organized in the form of schemas – cognitive structures that provide a framework for organizing information about the world, events, people and actions. According to schema theory, schemas perform several interrelated functions, they organize information in memory they can be activated, often automatically, to increase information-processing, they influence social perception and behavior, often when automatically activated. They can lead to distortions and mistakes when the wrong schemas become activated. The functions of schemas have been investigated in a many studies. Sweller (1994) asked participants in the study to read a book. Bartlett then tested his participant’s recollection of the tale. Some participant contributed six or seven reproductions Sweller (1994), at various intervals after reading the story. The story became shorter and shorter with each trial. The findings showed that upon the participant’s recall of the story, most changes occurred around making the story more understandable to them (Scaffolding) around the participant’s background and point of view. Words were changed throughout by many for example Canoes became boats. This was a classic case of schemas. I am going to use my current job for this example. I have been with my current employer for 4 years and there have been many changes lately to our documentation or so I thought. I would have to say that my experiences often times has been that while in a training for work. We sit and listen to the trainer talk for hours at time, quickly go over the document and then get shipped off to work. I have noticed that over time things get scrambled , you think the way you have been doing it was the way they were taught but actually you are applying the...
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