selection and organization of content

Topics: Educational psychology, Education, Bloom's Taxonomy Pages: 6 (1543 words) Published: August 12, 2014

The Center for Teaching and Learning
Division of Academic Affairs

Home
Contact Us
Login to Moodle 2
Search form

Main menu
Home
Calendar of Events/Workshops
Services We Provide
Learning Resources
Academic Technologies
About CTL
Moodle Resources
Learning Resources
Blog
Podcasts
Articles, Books ...
Best Practice
Academic Honesty & Integrity
Assessment & Grading
Collaborative Learning Spaces
Course Development
Critical Thinking
Education Philosophy
FERPA
Goals & Objectives
Action Verbs
Bloom's Educational Objectives
Developing Objectives
Writing Objectives
Instructional Methods
Instructional Technologies
Large Classes
Management of Class, Resources, and Behavior
Teaching & Research Assistants
Technology How-To's
Using Video
Web Accessibility
CTL Library
Faculty Lab
Sample Documents
Summer Institute 2009
Summer Institute 2010
Summer Institute 2011
Tip Sheets
Faculty Champions
SoTL
Top 40 Freshman Success Academy
Webinars
Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
One of the most widely used ways of organizing levels of expertise is according to Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. (Bloom et al., 1994; Gronlund, 1991; Krathwohl et al., 1956.) Bloom's Taxonomy (Tables 1-3) uses a multi-tiered scale to express the level of expertise required to achieve each measurable student outcome. Organizing measurable student outcomes in this way will allow us to select appropriate classroom assessment techniques for the course. There are three taxonomies. Which of the three to use for a given measurable student outcome depends upon the original goal to which the measurable student outcome is connected. There are knowledge-based goals, skills-based goals, and affective goals (affective: values, attitudes, and interests); accordingly, there is a taxonomy for each. Within each taxonomy, levels of expertise are listed in order of increasing complexity. Measurable student outcomes that require the higher levels of expertise will require more sophisticated classroom assessment techniques. The course goal in Figure 2--"student understands proper dental hygiene"--is an example of a knowledge-based goal. It is knowledge-based because it requires that the student learn certain facts and concepts. An example of a skills-based goal for this course might be "student flosses teeth properly." This is a skills-based goal because it requires that the student learn how to do something. Finally, an affective goal for this course might be "student cares about proper oral hygiene." This is an affective goal because it requires that the student's values, attitudes, or interests be affected by the course.

LEVEL OF EXPERTISEDESCRIPTION OF LEVELEXAMPLE OF MEASURABLE STUDENT OUTCOME
Table 1: Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives for Knowledge-Based Goals 1. KnowledgeRecall, or recognition of terms, ideas, procedure, theories, etc.When is the first day of Spring? 2. ComprehensionTranslate, interpret, extrapolate, but not see full implications or transfer to other situations, closer to literal translation.What does the summer solstice represent? 3. ApplicationApply abstractions, general principles, or methods to specific concrete situations.What would Earth's seasons be like if its orbit was perfectly circular? 4. AnalysisSeparation of a complex idea into its constituent parts and an understanding of organization and relationship between the parts. Includes realizing the distinction between hypothesis and fact as well as between relevant and extraneous variables.Why are seasons reversed in the southern hemisphere? 5. SynthesisCreative, mental construction of ideas and concepts from multiple sources to form complex ideas into a new, integrated, and meaningful pattern subject to given constraints.If the longest day of the year is in June, why is the northern hemisphere hottest in August? 6. EvaluationTo make a judgment of ideas or methods using external evidence or self-selected criteria...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Selection and Organization of Contents Essay
  • Selection Policy and Practices in Organizations Essay
  • Content Essay
  • content Essay
  • contents Essay
  • Recruitment and selection Essay
  • Selection Essay
  • The Quality Organization Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Life Below Zero - Season 11 | 5.5 Panama (2015) | Photo Sac Cyclone BRICOLAGE Collecteur de Poussire Haute efficacit Dieu qualit Poudre Filtre Top Qualit