Speech Midterm Study Guide

Topics: Nonverbal communication, Culture, Anthropology Pages: 10 (2249 words) Published: October 23, 2012
Speech Midterm Study Guide
I. Chapter 1
a. Communication: occurs when 1 person sends and receives messages b. Forms of Communication
i. Intrapersonal: communication with self
ii. Interpersonal: communication between 2 or a few people iii. Interviewing: communication through Q&As
iv. Small Group: communication within a small group (5-10 people) v. Organizational: communication with an organization (work) vi. Public: communication of a speaker with an audience vii. Computer-mediated: communication between people via computers viii. Mass: communication addressed to an extremely large audience (news) c. Communication Context

ix. Physical: tangible environment where communication takes place x. Social-Psychological: relationship between the participants, roles that people play, & cultural rules in society (graduation party vs. funeral) xi. Temporal: the time of day, time in history, or how the message fits into a sequence of events (compliments during an argument) xii. Cultural: beliefs, values, and ways of behaving shared by a group of people and passed down through generations d. Source-Receiver

xiii. Source: Speaker--------Receiver: Listener
xiv. Encoding: act of producing messages (speaking or writing) xv. Decoding: act of receiving messages (listening or reading) e. Messages
xvi. You can send and receive messages through any sensory organ. xvii. 3 Types:
1. Metamessage: message referring to another message (winking when you lie) 2. Feedback: messages sent to the speaker reacting to what is said 3. Feedforward: information you provide before sending your message (preface in a book) f. Noise

xviii. Anything that interferes with receiving a message. xix. 4 Types:
4. Physical: external interference to speaker & listener (passing cars) 5. Physiological: barriers within the sender or receiver (hearing loss) 6. Psychological: mental interference (closed-mindedness) 7. Semantic: when speaker & listener have different meaning systems (jargon) g. Communication Effects

xx. Intellectual: changes in your thinking
xxi. Affective: changes in your attitude, values, beliefs, or emotions xxii. Psychomotor: changes in behaviors (learning to throw a curve ball) h. Principles of Human Communication

xxiii. Communication is Purposeful
8. The motivation that leads you to communicate. 9. Learn, Relate, Help, Influence, Play
xxiv. Communication is Transactional
10. Communication is always changing, interdependent, messages depend on the individual for their meaning and effect, and each person is both a speaker and a listener. xxv. Communication is a Package of Symbols

11. Verbal and nonverbal messages work together in “packages” xxvi. Communication is a Process of Adjustment
12. Communication can only take place when the communicators use the same system of signals. xxvii. Communication Involves Content & Relationship Dimensions 13. Messages refer to both the real world and the relationship between the parties a. Boss to Employee: “See me after the meeting” i. Content: see him after the meeting

ii. Relationship: power difference
xxviii. Communication is Ambiguous
14. Messages with more than 1 potential meaning. (informal time: in a minute) xxix. Communication is Punctuated
15. Communication events are continuous transactions, punctuated into cause & effects for convenience. xxx. Communication is Inevitable, Irreversible, & Unrepeatable 16....
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