b kumar

Topics: Educational psychology, Learning, Learning styles Pages: 9 (3012 words) Published: May 14, 2014

Personal and Professional Development

Learning Outcome 1
1.1 Approaches to self–managed learning
Self managed learning is an approach to management development which enables managers to be more aware of how they achieve key results using live work issues while controlling the content, processes and pace of their own learning with a group of other managers who are collectively responsible for assessing their own progress within a structured program facilitated by an adviser (Cunningham, 1986). There are a number of self-managed learning approaches available in increasing personal development learning capabilities and these approaches are as follows:- Internet: Internet opens the boundary of knowledge and information for the people to develop them at a faster and higher level. Internet has become the ideal means of self learning technique and it facilitates to progress self awareness that contributes a lot in enhancing professional development potential among the individuals. For example, Google, Wikipedia, Encyclopedia, online journals and other sources could be viewed as internet source of learning. Critical and creative thinking: With the easy access to different sources of training and exposure, people can develop critical and creative thinking capability through utilizing different kinds of training program. Critical and creative thinking are fundamental to human intellectual progress and artifacts thereof. Depending on context and purpose, critical and creative thinking skills can be interdependent or separately applied. For example, Computer simulation for solving business problem could be considered as critical and creative thinking approach. Case study method: Case study method provides a unique option for self managed learning, taking a real organization as the case people can take different roles and play the responsibility to develop the skills. Case studies provide readers with an overview of the main issue, background on the setting (typically the individual, company/institution, industry, and larger environment), the people involved, and the events that led to the problem or decision at hand. Cases are used to illustrate a particular set of learning objectives, and (as in real life) rarely are there exact answers to the dilemma at hand. For example, ASDA manager can take a case related to customer satisfaction for the purpose of solving how more efficient and increased customer services could be ensured through undertaking a case study. It will help ASDA manager to develop personal decision making capabilities that facilitate to progress personal development skills. Self study: Books, journals, articles and stories about successful entrepreneurs and managers help individuals learn the way of excellence. Self-study builds on the necessity of a relationship between individual and collective cognition in teachers’ professional development and the power of dialogue in building a learning community. It allows people to plan, enact, and assess efforts and examine the impact of individual’s efforts on self learning method. Self-initiation of learning processes: People can even learn from their informal habits and leisure period. For example, while watching a football match, one can see and observe how the coach tries to use all players effectively. Self initiated learning process can be categorized into three types such as knowledge exchanging, experimenting, and environmental scanning. It is very much helpful in obtaining personal development skills and capabilities of an individual. Social networks: As the technology changes day by day and people’s lifestyle also changes due to adopting with such technological changes in their day to day life. Social networks could be crucial sources of self learning through connecting a large group of people across the world as different kinds of personal thoughts and experiences shared through using social network...

References: Business balls (2013) Kolb’s learning styles. [Online]. Available at: http://www.businessballs.com/kolblearningstyles.htm [Last accessed, 5 July 2013].
Cunningham, Ian (1986) Self Managed Learning: Handbook of Management Development (2nd Ed). Aldershot: Gower
James, W.; Gardner, D. (1995) Learning styles: Implications for distance learning. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 67
Pashler, H.; McDaniel, M.; Rohrer, D.; Bjork, R. (2008) Learning styles: Concepts and evidence. Psychological Science in the Public Interest 9: 105–119
Reynaldo A. Mones (2013) Make space for lifelong learning. [Online]. Available at: http://opinion.inquirer.net/55955/make-space-for-lifelong-learning [Last accessed, 5 July 2013].
World Bank report (2003) Lifelong Learning in the Global Knowledge Economy: Challenges for Developing Countries. Washington, D.C: World Bank
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