09 Marriage And Kinship 1

Topics: Marriage, Family, Nuclear family Pages: 26 (2474 words) Published: December 26, 2014
Marriage, Family, And Residence

: What Are The Possibilities?
Introducing Cultural Anthropology, Roberta Edwards Lenkeit (Chapter 7)

© Plush Studios/Blend Images/Getty Images

MARRIAGE, FAMILY, AND RESIDENCE: WHAT
ARE THE POSSIBILITIES?

Note that the scarves of the bride and groom are tied
together. This joining of scarves symbolizes their eternal
bond in this traditional Hindu wedding.
© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

MARRIAGE, FAMILY, AND RESIDENCE:
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBILITIES?
Diagramming Kingship
Marriage Rules
Marriage Forms and Functions
Mate Choice and Marriage Finance
Family
Residence Patterns
Summary
© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

DIAGRAMMING KINSHIP
Kinship diagrams are a shorthand method of representing
and giving a clear visual picture of kin relationships.
Symbols are used in Diagrams
(1) to limit linguistic confusion
(2) it is easier to trace and understand complex 

relationships with the use of these visual images.

© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

Symbols Used in Kinship Diagrams

© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

A point of reference is always designated in the kind diagram by the designation Ego.

Knowing the person who is Ego is important because information about kin relationships, obligations, and terminology will be different when there is a change in the point of reference.

Anthropologists also use a short method to write about kin relationships.

1) Mo, Fa, Da, Si, Wi, Hu, Ch, Br, So

2) (M), (F), (D), (Z), (W), (H), (C), (B), (S)

4)

MARRIAGE RULES
Exogamy: Specifies that a person must marry outside
of a designated group of people.
Endogamy: Rules that specify the groups within which
a person should or must marry.
The Levirate and Sororate.

© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

All cultures have rules about whom it is appropriate to marry.

Some are formal rules that are part of the society’s legal system; others are informal.

- In Korea, We can’t marry with Great- grandfath’s brothers, and sisters’ descendents for father’s side. and grandfather’s descandent for mother’s side.

- How about in Cambodia?

Two marriage rules found in most cultures are the rules of exogamy and endogamy.

Exogamous rules in nearly all cultures also include kin other than the nuclear family.

(In some culture you cannott marry cousins. in other cultures you can marry certain cousins but not others.)

One hypothesis offerd to explain exogamous rules is that they prevent incest, which in turn prevents deformities in offspring.

Other hypotheses to explain the origin of exogamous rules include the suggestion that exogamous rules help to extend territory, create political alliances, or stimulate trade.

Still other suggested that exogamous rule came about to reduce conflict within families, where sexual liaisons with kin would cause jealousy.

The Levirate and the Sororate

Levirate = A marriage custom in which a 

widow marries her deceased 

husband’s brother.

Sororate = A marriage custom in which a 

widower marries a sister of his 

deceased wife.
© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, all rights reserved

the levitate and sorority are preferential marriage rules found in many cultures. Each specifies whom one should marry if one’s spouse dies.

Both rules serve the purpose of ensuring that everyone is economically protected in the case of spouse’s death.

Such customs also ensure that the deceased person’s children are raised by members of his or her group and that alliances remain between the families.

© Carol Beckwith & Angela M. Fisher/National Geographic Society Image Collection

MARRIAGE FORMS AND FUNCTIONS
Monogamy
Polygamy
Polygyny
Polyandry
Group Marriage
Sister Exchange Marriage
A Muslim Rashaida Bedouin merchant and his three wives.
© 2009 by The McGraw-Hill Companies,...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about Marriage and Kinship of the Modern African Society
  • Kinship Essay
  • Kinship Essay
  • Gender, Kinship and Marriage Essay
  • Arranged Marriage Essay 1
  • Arranged Marriages
  • Essay on Arrange Marriage 1
  • Arrange Marriage

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
└ Livres, BD, revues | Mekakucity Actors BD Subtitle Indonesia | Mariah Plus - March 2018