The very first African slaves were brought to Jamestown, Virginia in 1619. From then
on, slavery held a big part in the southern colonies. Between 1607 and 1775 Southern
colonies became dependent with slaves for a more subsistence economy (which means
they relied on natural resources for their basic needs, through hunting gathering,
subsistence farming, etc.), and profit because African slaves were more expensive than
white servants, because they have gained an immunity to climates and diseases due to
their natural environments, and they don’t have a social background.
Economic factors encouraged the slavery growth. The colony Jamestown only survived,
because John Rolfe improved the tobacco. When Jamestown’s colony began their cash
crop was tobacco, since Europe had such a desire for tobacco. They started large
plantations and needed a lot of help to plant and harvest the tobacco. They got
indentured servants to help with the land for about seven years. Many of them died off
before they even reached their seven years, because of diseases such as malaria and
smallpox. They weren’t use to the conditions of working. Jamestown then brought in
Africans, which were more suitable for the environment and their ability work. However,
Africans were very expensive, but they worked for their whole life with some regulation
laws. As you can see, slavery in the south was very important.
Geographic factors also took an important part in the growth of slavery in the south. In
backbone of the south, there are rivers and hot weather. So the south could plant different
crops than the north. The most important crops in the south were tobacco and rice. North
and South Carolina, were best known for their mass production of rice. In North and
South Carolina Africans were used to help with rice. Tobacco and rice and many more
crops were part of the triangle trade, which was a multilateral system of...
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