________________________________________________________________ ZINN CHAPTER 2; Drawing the Color Line
1. According to Zinn, what is the root of racism in America? The root of racism was when the first blacks were used as servants similar to indentured servants but the reality of it was because of their skin color, they were treated different. They were treated inferior to European indentured servants.
2. Why were Africans considered "better" slaves than Indians in Virginia? Because the Europeans in America were so outnumbered to the Indians in America, they couldn’t force the Indians into slavery and labor like Columbus did in Latin America. So they went on to import blacks from Africa like Spanish and Portuguese colonies had started doing. They were considered better because they were helpless and inferior, because they were over seas from their home and don’t know where to go or how to get there. They were vulnerable.
3. How did slavery in Africa differ from slavery in Europe and the Americas? In Africa, they had feudalism instead of slavery. But they were was no real slavery in Africa, the laws were kind and yet powerful. Another reason there was no real slavery in Africa, was because lords in Africa also didn’t have as powerful weapons, (they had weapons that anyone could make on their own including the serfs/vassals), so they couldn’t really force anyone to do anything.
4. Describe the condition that slaves on ships experienced coming to America ("Middle Passage"). The men, women and children were all separated and put in different sections on the ship. So husbands were separated from wives, and children were separated from their mothers. Although they had small buckets to use as bathrooms, the crowed conditions and being handcuffed together, the Africans couldn’t easily get to the buckets, causing hygiene to become a big problem, causing many different diseases to spread and causing the deaths of many people. They would relieve themselves...
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