Chapter 3 Notes
● Eliza Lucas became the first person in the colonies to grow Indigo and developed a way of extracting its deep blue dye. She hoped that her Indigo crops would add not only to her family but to the British empire. ● Sir Edmund Andros ruler of New England a veteran military officer from an aristocratic English family
● James II consolidated the Northern colonies into the Dominion of New England in 1686
● William and Mary succeeded James II after the glorious revolution of 1688 and helped establish the supremacy of Parliament.
● Philip Vickers he was fascinated by the plantation system, which had come to dominate the South.
● Olaudah Equiano was kidnapped from Africa and sold to a succession of owners before buying his freedom.
● Benjamin Franklin was one of the leading champions of Enlightenment ideals in America.
● Jonathan Edwards descended from a long line of Puritan ministers, he denied that humans had powers to perfect themselves.
● Thomas Jefferson used reason to conclude that individuals have natural rights
● George Washington established an outpost called Fort Necessity about 40 miles from Fort Duquesne.
● William Pitt an energetic, selfconfident politician. ● George Grenville served as prime minister in 1763.
● England revoked the colony’s corporate charter.
● Massachusetts, the “Puritan utopia” was suddenly a royal colony, under strict control of the crown.
● Land from from Southern Maine to New Jersey was united into one vast colony, the Dominion of New England.
● Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina farmers grew the broad green leaves.
● South Carolina and Georgia rice and later Indigo were successful cash crops.
● Jamaica and Barbados imported tens of thousands of African slaves to work their sugar plantations.
● In Virginia, the courts did not consider slave owners guilty of murder for killing their slaves during punishment.
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