Chattel Slavery

Topics: Caribbean, Africa, Atlantic slave trade Pages: 1 (369 words) Published: October 20, 2013

The Portuguese began the practice in 1444; by 1460, they were annually importing 700 to 800 slaves to Portugal from trading posts and forts established on the African coast. These were African people captured by other Africans and transported to the western coast of Africa. Spain soon followed. Throughout the 15th century, Arab traders in northern Africa shipped African people taken from central Africa to markets in Arabia, Iran, and India. With the rise of the slave trade to the Americas, wars over the control of African commerce became more intense. During the four centuries of the slave trade, millions of Africans fell victim to this traffic in human lives. With the development of the plantation system in the southern colonies in the latter half of the 17th century, the number of Africans imported as agricultural slave laborers increased greatly, and several northern coastal cities became centers of the slave traffic. Generally, in the northern colonies, slaves were used as domestics and in trade; in the Middle Atlantic colonies they were used more in agriculture; and in the southern colonies, where plantation agriculture was the primary occupation, almost all slaves were used to work the plantations. Brutal treatment such as mutilation, branding, chaining, and murder were regulated or prohibited by law, but instances of cruelty were common before the 19th century. Denmark was the first European country to abolish the slave trade, in 1792. Britain followed in 1807, and the United States followed in 1808. At the Congress of Vienna in 1814, Britain exerted its influence to induce other foreign powers to adopt a similar policy, and eventually nearly all the states of Europe passed laws or entered into treaties prohibiting the traffic. The French emancipated their slaves in 1848. The Dutch slaves had freedom conferred on them in 1863. Most of the new republics of South America provided for the emancipation of slaves at the time of their establishment. In...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Slavery in the Caribbean Essay
  • Portuguese and Spanish Slavery Essay
  • Chattel Slavery Essay
  • Chattel Slavery as a Institution Essay
  • Slavery and War Essay
  • Slavery and Dominate Labor System.over Essay
  • American Slavery Essay
  • Slavery Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
André Morell | ДАЛЕЕ | épisode 2