Chemistry: Atom and Matter

Topics: Atom, Chemistry, Atomic mass Pages: 82 (4728 words) Published: April 14, 2014
WELCOME TO SKO16
CHEMISTRY
CHEMISTRY
CHEMISTRY

CHEMISTRY SK016
Chapte
1.0r

2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
6.0
7.0

08/16/11

Topics

Hours

Matter
Atomic Structure
Periodic Table
Chemical Bonding
State of Matter
Chemical Equilibrium
Ionic Equilibria
Total

7
7
4
2

matter

7
5
12
54
2

CHEMISTRY SK026
Chapt
er
8.0

9.0
10.0
11.0
12.0
13.0
14.0
15.0
08/16/11

Topic

Thermochemistry
Electrochemistry
Reaction Kinetics
Intro To Organic Chemistry
Hydrocarbons
Aromatic Compounds
Haloalkanes (Alkyl halides)
Hydroxy compounds
matter

Hour
s4

6
7
4
8
3
4
3
3

CHEMISTRY SK026
Chapte
r

Topic

16.0
17.0

Carbonyl
Carboxylic acids & Derivatives

Hou
r

4

4
18.0
19.0

Amines
Amino acids and Proteins

5

Polymers

1

2
20.0
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matter

4

ASSESSMENT
1. COURSEWORK (20%)

Continuous evaluation (tutorial/test/quiz)
- 10%

Practical work

- 10%

2. MID-SEMESTER EXAMINATION
10%
3. FINAL EXAMINATION (70%)

Paper 1 (30 multiple choice questions)
30%

Paper 2 (Part A-structured)
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matter

-

5

REFERENCE BOOKS








CHEMISTRY ,9 th Ed. ᾶ Raymond Chang
Hill

, McGraw-

CHEMISTRY ᾶThe Molecular Nature of Matter and
Change, 3 rd Ed.ᾶ Martin Silberberg
, McGraw Hill
CHEMISTRY ᾶ The Central Science, 9 th Ed.
Theodore L .Brown , H.Eugene LeMay,Jr, Bruce
E Bursten,
Pearson Education
GENERAL CHEMISTRY ᾶ Principle & Structure, 6
Ed. James E Brady , John Wiley and Sons .

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matter

th

6





GENERAL CHEMISTRY ᾶ Principle and
Modern Applications, 8 th Ed. Ralph H.
Petrucci , William S. Harwood,
PrenticeHall
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 7 th Ed ᾶ T.W.
Graham Solomon,Craig B.Fryhle
, John
Wiley and Sons



ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 4 th Ed ᾶ L.G. Wade,
Jr, Prentice Hall



ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 6 th Ed ᾶ John
McMurry , Thompson ᾶ Brooks/Cole
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matter

7

Chapter 1 : MATTER
1.1 Atoms and Molecules
1.2 Mole Concept
1.3 Stoichiometry

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matter

8

1.1

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Atoms and
Molecules

matter

9

Learning Outcome
At the end of this topic, students should
be able to:
(a) Describe proton, electron and
neutron in
terms of the relative mass
and relative
charge.
(b) Define proton number, Z, nucleon
number, A and isotope.
(c) Write isotope notation.
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matter

10

Introduction


Matter
 Anything that occupies space and
has
mass.
e.g: air, water, animals, trees,
atoms, etc



Matter may consists of atoms,
molecules or ions.

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matter

11

Classifying Matter

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matter

12

A substance
is a form of matter
that has a definite or constant
composition and distinct properties.
Example: H 2 O, NH 3 , O 2


A mixture is a combination of two
or more substances in which the
substances retain their identity.
Example : air, milk, cement


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matter

13

An element is a substance that
cannot be separated into simpler
substances by chemical means.
Example : Na, K, Al,Fe
A compound
is a substance
composed of atoms of two or more
elements chemically united in fixed
proportion.
Example : CO 2 , H 2 O, CuO

Three States of Matter

SOLID
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LIQUID
matter

GAS
15

1.1 Atoms and Molecules
a) Atoms




An atom is the smallest unit
of a
chemical element/compound.
In an atom, there are 3 subatomic
particles:
- Proton (p)
- Neutron (n)
- Electron (e)

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matter

16

Modern Model of the Atom



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Electrons move around the region of the atom.
matter

17



All neutral atoms can be identified by
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