Cummunication Across Culture
MBA Professor: Dr. Concepsion Sumadsad
different people different point of view
Seven Habits by Stephen Covey
Culture and Communication
“Culture is communication and communication is culture” (Hall, 1959)
Founding Role of Edward T. Hall
The term “intercultural communication” was used in Edward T. Hall’s (1959) influential book, The Silent Language, and Hall is generally acknowledged to be the founder of the field.
Major Events in the Life and Career of Edward T. Hall
1914 1918-32 1933-37 1936 1938 1942 1942-45
Born in Webster Groves, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis Grew up in New Mexico Worked on the Navajo and Hopi reservations in the U.S. Southwest Earned B.A. in Anthropology from the University of Denver Earned M.A. in Anthropology from the University of Arizona Earned Ph.D. in Anthropology from Columbia University Served in WWII, commanding an African American regiment in Europe and the Philippines 1946 Post-doctoral study in Sociology/Cultural Anthropology at Columbia University; conducted research on the U.S. military government administration of Truk 1946-48 Chairman, Department of Anthropology, University of Denver; studied race relations in Denver 1948-50 Taught at Bennington College in Vermont, with Erich Fromm 1950-55 Director of the Point IV Training Program at the Foreign Service Institute, Washington, D.C. 1952-56 Affiliated with the Washington School of Psychiatry, Washington, D.C. 1955 Publication of "The Anthropology of Manners" in the Scientific American 1959 Publication of The Silent Language 1960-63 Affiliated (again) with the Washington School of Psychiatry 1963-67 Professor of Anthropology, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago; conducted NIMH- funded research on proxemics and interethnic encounters 1966 Publication of The Hidden Dimension 1967-77 Professor of Anthropology, Northwestern University, until his retirement in 1977; conducted further NIMH funded research on proxemics and interethnic encounters 1976 Participated in the Conference on Intercultural Communication, International Christian University, Tokyo 1976 Publication of Beyond Culture 1977 Presented a paper at the International Communication Association Conference, Berlin (Hall, 1978) 1977-Present Living in retirement in Santa Fe, New Mexico; Occasional lectures at SIETAR conferences and the Summer Institute of Intercultural Communication; teaching at the University of New Mexico (1997 and 1999).
Definition Of Culture
Culture is the coherent, learned, shared view a group of people has about life’s concerns that ranks what is important, instills attitudes about what things are appropriate, and prescribes behaviour, given that some things have more significance than others.” Business Communication for the Global Age Joanna Crossman, Sarbari Bordia, Colleen Mills
Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn, found and examined 300
definitions of culture, none of which was the same. Simply put, culture is people
• Cultures differ between nations or continents, but also within the same company or even family • Culture is multi-layered and multi-faceted – The same individual can participate in many cultures
• Cultural identity is based on a number of factors
– – – – – – – Geography Ethnicity Morals Ethics Religion Politics History
Difference of intercultural communication and cross-cultural communication 'Intercultural communication' can...be defined as the interpersonal interaction between members of different groups, which differ from each other in respect of the knowledge shared by their members and in respect of their linguistic forms of symbolic behaviour. -Karlfried Knapp
Cross-cultural communication (also frequently referred to as intercultural communication, which is also used in a different sense, though) is a field of study that looks at how people from differing cultural backgrounds communicate, in...
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