FOUNDATION OF EDUCATION
MEANING AND CONCEPT
PRESENTED TO:SIR IJAZ AHMAD TATLAH
PRESENTED BY:Mahrukh Iftikhar (141170)
Saher Akhtar (141150)
To know the meaning and have a concept of Educational
Psychology it is necessary to understand two things that:
What is Education?
Then we will see that
What is Educational
WHAT IS EDUCATION?
In the narrow sense, education is limited to the
instruction in school, college and university.
Education of the child starts as he enters the school
where definite amount of knowledge is given.
In broader sense, education is life long process. It is
a process that goes on throughout life and is
promoted by every experience in life.
According to Drever “Education is a process in which
and by which the knowledge, character and behavior
of the young are shaped and moulded.”
ETYMOLOGICAL MEANING OF EDUCATION:
•Education as ‘educere’ is more acceptable as it means leading an individual from ignorance to knowledge.
WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY?
Etymological meaning of Psychology:
Psychology comes from two
•PSYCHOLOGY is a latest science which is emerged from philosophy and passed through many controversial definitions to achieve the present operational definition of ‘psychology as a science of mental process and behavior’ from traditional study of soul. The term soul was rejected because of its immaterialistic nature having unscientific, unpractical and ambiguous explanation. It emergence as a separate field of study came about when Wilhelm Wundt established the first experimental
Good defines “Psychology is the study of adjustments
of organism, especially the human organism to changing
Psychology is a pure science because :
• It is empirical.
• It is a systematic study.
• It uses measurements and tools of measurements.
• It helps to define terms.
Modern Psychology as a Science of Mental processes and
Behavior helps an individual to know, understand and
measure himself and others through controlled
observations practically in a valid and reliable manner to
modify and control his own and others behavior for the
better adjustments to achieve in life.
WHAT IS EDUCATIONAL
Educational Psychology is a combination or overlapping of two sepa
For more than a century there have been debates about what the Educational Psychology real
Educational Psychology is a scientific discipline that addresses two Co
psychology is one of the branches of applied
psychology concerned with the application of the principles, techniques and other resource of psychology to the solution
of the problems confronting the teacher attempting to direct the growth of children toward defined objectives. More
specifically, we can say educational psychology is concerned with an understanding of:
• The child, his development, his need and his potentialities. • The learning situation including group dynamics as it affect learning.
• The learning process, its nature and the ways to make it effective.
Stated differently, the Central theme of Educational
Psychology is Psychology of learning.
Psychologists help in developing instructional
methods and materials used to train people in both
educational and work settings. They are also concerned with
research on issues of relevance for education, counseling and learning problems.
Education by all means is an attempt to mould and shape the behavior of the pupil. It aims to produce desirable changes in him for the all-round development of his personality. The
essential knowledge and skill to do this job satisfactorily is supplied by Educational Psychology.
• According to Skinner (1958), “Educational Psychology covers the entire •
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