CURBING EXAMINATION MALPRACTICES IN NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT: GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING INTERVENTION
Mudathir Ade Ademoroti
Ulul-Albab Science Secondary School, Katsina, Katsina State
Abdulrasheed S. Imam
Ulul-Albab Science Secondary School, Katsina, Katsina state. .
The paper examines the role or intervention of guidance and counseling in curbing examination malpractice in Nigerian educational assessment among all the stake holders in education industry. Counseling can be of much interventional assistance in bringing re-orientation of students, teachers, the school and the society. Also provides social, orientational and psychological counseling as an antidote for examination malpractice in Nigeria. Therefore, this paper dwells on concept of guidance and counseling, what examination malpractice is all about, and exposes the causes and an overview of background of examination malpractice in Nigeria is discussed. Similarly, the social effects of examination malpractice is discussed as it affects the political, moral, socio-economic of the nation and conclude with suggestion and solutions through counseling intervention so as to protect the validity and sanctity of examination in Nigeria
All over the world examination is considered very important in educational system. By means of it, learners are formally measured and placements are made based on the results accrued from it. In Nigeria, education has been adopted as an instrument for meaningful national development. Therefore, government, communities, private organizations, and individuals have established educational institutions with a view to training the citizens for the development of the nation’s physical and human resources. In these institutions, teaching and guidance services are supposed to take place so that appropriate skills and knowledge can be acquired by the learners. Furthermore, machinery through which the extent of knowledge and skill acquisition is determined at each stage of learning has been set up. This is in form of examination which would be organized in order to evaluate, assess, place and test knowledge and skills. The outcome of the examination is used as a basis for decision making on the examinee’s ability. In view of the exceeding importance attached to examination at national and international levels, examinations are seen as an activity that should be executed well. Learners in Nigeria see examination as activities that should be successfully carried out if future is assured. Thus, there are many instances where there are tendencies to pass examination at all costs. These trends and phenomena really called for concerns from all Quarters including the professional guidance counselors.
CONCEPTUALIZATION OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING
Educational Guidance as seenbyEncarta(2009),a process of helping students to achieve the self-understanding and self-direction necessary to make informed choices and move toward personal goals. Guidance focuses on the complete development of individual students through a series of services designed to maximize school learning, stimulate career development, and respond to the personal and social concerns that inhibit individual growth. Although guidance activities are usually associated with educational professionals known as counselors, educational guidance is actually a cooperative enterprise involving the participation of teachers, administrators, other educational specialists, and parents. Similarly, Egbule (2002) puts the concept of Guidance and Counseling as a helping service in the understanding of the factors or events that led to the conceptual evolution of it as a subject matter, a professional discipline and indeed a helping service. Meanwhile, he submitted further that it is these factors that are responsible for its popularization as helping service and subsequent use in resolving various educational, vocational and...
References: Aliyu, U.D (2006) Examination Malpractice in Nigeria: Effects and Possible Solutions. The Nigerian Educational psychologist: Journal of the Nigeria Society for Educational psychologist. Vol. 4(2) 240-250
Abdu U. (2007) Reforms in Education: The challenge of Guidance and Counselling in Nigeria secondary schools: Journal of Educational Research and Development, ABU Zaria. Vol.2,3, pp 235-240
Egbule, J.F (2002) Principle and Practice of Guidance and Counselling. Whyte and whyte publisher, Owerri.
Egbule, J.F (2009) The Use of Counseling Clinic and Practicum as Counseling Intervention Innovations for Educational Development in Nigeria: Conference Proceedings for the 34th Annual National Conference of the Counselling Association of Nigeria. CASSON, Abuja
Encarta, (2009) Educational Guidance. Microsoft Corporation
Nnachi, R.O (2006) Causes of and Remedies for Examination Irregularities among External Examination Candidates in Nigeria. The Nigeria Educational Psychologist: Journal of the Nigerian Society for Educational psychologist. Vol.4(2) pp233-243
Nnachi, R.O (2009 Perception of examination Malpractices Behaviour Among Senior Secondary School Students of Abia State: Implication for Counselling. ABU Journal of Educational Psychology and Counseling. Vol.1(1) ABU, Zaria
Umar, G., Mburza A., and Kagu B.,(2009) Characteristics of Examination Malpractice and Students’ Attitudes Towards Examination Malpractices in Muhammad Goni College of Legal and Islamic Studies Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. The Counsellor Vol. 26(2) pp.35-46.
Usman, A.B (2012) “Nigeria tops examination malpractice index” The Daily Trust, Thursday 12th July, 2012. P.10
Uguru C., and Ibrahim A. (2008) The Threat of Examination Malpractice to the Achievement of Reforms in Tertiary Institutions and Possible Solution: Journal of Educational Research and Development. ABU, Zaria. Vol. 3(3).
Please join StudyMode to read the full document