Development and Evaluation of a Web-Based College English Outside Reading System for Efl Freshmen

Topics: Educational psychology, Learning Pages: 24 (6492 words) Published: August 26, 2012
Development and Evaluation of a Web-based College English Outside Reading System for EFL Freshmen

Ching-Ying Pan
Associate Professor of Institute of Education, Tzu Chi University No. 701, Sec. 3, Zhoungyang Rd., Hualien, 97004, Taiwan
011-886-3-856-5301 ext. 2930

Pei-Ching Huang
English teacher, Taipei County Hai-San High School
215, Han-San East Rd., Ban Chiau City, Taipei County, Taiwan

About the authors

Dr. Ching-Ying Pan is an Associate Professor in the Institute of Education, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan. Dr. Pan focuses her study on the field of English learning and instruction.

Pei-Ching Huang is a graduate of the Institute of Education, Tzu Chi University. She is an English teacher at Hai-San Junior High School, Ban Chiau City, Taipei County, Taiwan. Development and Evaluation of a Web-based College English Outside Reading System for EFL Freshmen


The main purpose of this study was to design a web-based English outside reading learning system for college students to study English reading outside the classroom by themselves. In addition to the main purpose, we explored the web-based learning system’s effects on students by comparing it with the reading of traditional printed materials. This web-based learning system included nine units whose topics were the life stories of nine contemporary celebrities. This study adopted the pretest-posttest nonequivalent group design. Control group students studied English outside reading by studying paper materials on their own. Experimental group students studied the same materials in an asynchronous web-based learning system. The results of this research found that the group using the web-based learning system had significantly better English reading comprehension, higher English learning motivation, and greater learner satisfaction. Furthermore, most of the web-based learning students held very positive views of the design, presentation and functions of this web-based learning system.

Key words: web-based learning, EFL English reading, English learning motivation

Experts consider reading ability one of the most important components of performance in a second language, especially in academic settings (Huckin, Haynes, & Coady; 1993). As such, good English reading skills have become essential to Taiwanese college students. In Taiwan, every university offers some form of English as a foreign language (EFL) course for their students, with English Reading as the most common EFL course, nearly always a requirement. The traditional instruction method for English Reading comprises lectures focusing on students’ syntax and semantic competence, but often neglecting students’ synthesis comprehension (Wu, 2004). In addition, in-class instruction time for an English Reading course usually has a limit of two or three hours per week, and instructors spend most of the time teaching from textbooks. Therefore, it leaves little room in the schedule for extensive topic-related reading. Moreover, in larger English classes, teachers have difficulty addressing variations in students’ learning tempos, and necessarily forego promoting self-directed study. Overcoming these drawbacks to broaden students’ reading areas and improve their English reading ability constitute monumental challenges for university English teachers in Taiwan.

Assigning English reading homework for students to study outside the classroom seems like an efficient approach to extend students’ reading areas. In traditional English outside reading assignments, teachers usually give students paper materials, and ask them to study by themselves. In doing so, both teachers and students avoid the restriction to available class time. However, the available learning materials, that likely offer limited information, and which developers cannot easily adapt to every student’s ability, impose other...

References: AbuSeileek, A. F. (2007). Cooperative vs. individual learning of oral skills in a CALL environment. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 20(5), 493-514.
Anderson, R. C. & Pearson, P. D. (1984). A schema theoretic view of basic processes in reading. In P. D. Pearson (Ed.), Handbook of Reading Research (pp. 255-291). New York: Longman.
Bartini, M. (2008). An empirical comparison of traditional and web-enhanced classrooms. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 35(1), 3-11.
Beatty, K. (2003). Teaching and Researching Computer Assisted Language Learning. New York: Longman.
Chang, Ling-Yin (2006). The use of structured instant online discussion to enhance college students ' English oral proficiency. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Education, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan.
Chang, Y. C., Chang, J. S., Chen, H. J., Liou, H. C. (2008). An automatic collocation writing assistant for Taiwanese EFL learners: A case of corpus-based NLP technology. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 21(3), 283-299.
Chen, B., Hirumi, A. (2004). Adapting reading intervention for online students. Association for Educational Communications and Technology, 27th, Chicago, IL, October 19-23, 2004.
Chen, Jui-Jung (2004). A Study on the Application of Computer Assisted Instruction in Teaching English Writing. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Technology and Vocational Education, National PingTung Uinveristy, PingTung.
Chiu, T. L., Liou, H. C., & Yeh, Y. (2007). A study of web-based oral activities enhanced by automatic speech recognition for EFL college learning. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 20(3), 209-233.
Chuang, Yi-Feng (2002). The effect of Web learning environment on adult English learning. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Department of Information Communication, Yuang Ze University, Jung-Li City.
Daemmrich, I. G. (2007). Novices encounter a novice literature: Introducing digital literature in a first-year college writing class. Teaching English in the Two Year College, 34(4), 420-433.
Goodman, K. S. (1976). Reading: A psycholinguistic guessing game. In H. Singer & R. Rudell (Eds.), Theoretical Models and Processes of Reading (2nd ed). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
Heilman, A. W., Blair, T. R., & Rupley, W. H. (1990). Principles and Practices of Teaching Reading (7th ed.). Columbus, Ohio: Nerrill Publishing Company.
Hshi, Hsiao-Yun (2005). An analysis of current computer-assisted language learning materials in English reading strategies. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, Taipei.
Hshi, Ying-Shao & Liao Kuei-Ching (2002). The development and evaluation of a web-based lesson with situated learning. Chinese Journal of Science Education, 10(2), 157-178.
Hsu, Chien-che (2002). Development of web-based courseware for Freshman English Conversation. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, Taipei.
Hubbard, P. (2009). A general introduction to computer assisted language learning. In P. Hubbard (Ed.), Computer Assisted Language Learning: Critical Concepts in Linguistics. New York: Routledge.
Huckin, T., Haynes, M., & Coady, J. (1993). Second language reading and vocabulary learning. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing Co.
Jordanov, W. (2001). An examination of the relationship between learning styles and technology use. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. Ed460 150)
Kelly, K
Liu, M., Moore, Z., Graham, L., & Lee, S. (2002). A look at the research on computer-based technology use in second language learning: Review of literature from 1990-2000. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 34(3), 250-273.
Liu, T. Y. (2009). A context-aware ubiquitous learning environment for language listening and speaking. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25(6), 515-527.
Liu, Y. (2007). A comparative study of learning styles between online and traditional students. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 37(1), 41-63.
Lynch, B. K., & Hudson, T. (1991). EST Reading. In Marianne Celce-Murcia (Ed.), Teaching English as a Second of Foreign Language (pp. 216-232). Boston: Heinle and Heinle Publishers.
Napolitano, D. M., & Stent, A. (2009). Tech Writer: An evolving system for writing assistance for advanced learners of English. CALICO Journal, 26(3), 611-625.
Navarro, P., & Shoemaker, J. (2002). Performance and perceptions of distance learners in cyberspace. The American Journal of Distance Education, 14(2), 1-17.
Proske, A., Narciss, S. & Korndle, H. (2007). Interactivity and learners’ achievement in web-based learning. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 18(4), 511-531.
Sue, Yu-Tang (2006). The application of double reinforcement learning strategy to online English writing. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Technology and Development and Communication, National Uinveristy of Tainan, Tainan.
Tanyeli, N. (2008). The efficiency of online English language instruction on students’ reading skills. Paper presented at the International Technology, Education and Development Conference, Valencia, Spain, Mar. 3-5, 2008.
Thirunarayanan, M. O. (2001). Comparing web-based and classroom-based learning: A quantitative study. Journal of Research on technology in education, 34(2), 375-385.
Wang, Shi-Hao (2005). The design and implementation of a blended English Reading Course in higher education. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Department of Educational Technology, Tamkang University, Taipei.
Wu, Hui-Yi (2004). A study of an application of cooperative learning to Freshman English Teaching. Unpublished Master’s thesis, Graduate Institute of Education, Tzu Chi University, Hualien.
Yang, Y. F., Wong, W. K., & Yuh, H. C. (2008). A computer system of referential resolution to assess students’ reading comprehension. Educational Technology & Society, 11(4), 173-189.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay about English 102 Supplemental Readings List020113
  • Evaluation of Will the Web Kill Colleges Essay
  • Development and Validation of Reading Test in English Essay
  • A Web Based Management System Essay
  • Credit-Based Community College Course Essay
  • Web Based System Essay
  • Web Based College Library System Essay
  • Web-based College Admission Test Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Ultimi Pz Cinturino Silicone Morbido Apple Watch 38/42 Mm 21 Colori E Adattatori | Season's Beatings Season's Beatings (1999) Drama, KomödieChristmas, family, and infidelity. Yvette's husband has died, and her grown daughters join her at the grave: Sonia, wealthy, bourgeois, and generous; Louba, living with their dad Stanislas, singing at a Russian restaurant, penniless, the mistress for the past 12 years of a man who will never leave his wife; Milla, the youngest, acerbic, lonesome. Christmas was when they learned their parents were divorcing 25 years ago. Over the next few days, yuletide depression, Louba's pregnancy, Sonia's crumbling marriage, Stanislas's overtures to Yvette, and Milla's attraction to the man who's her father's rent-free lodger lead each one to re-examine self, family, and hopes. Is renewal possible? | Cristãs E Gospel