Development of the Mechanized Cotton Industry in Japan and Indai

Topics: Industrial Revolution, Gender role, Factory Pages: 2 (653 words) Published: March 12, 2014
During the late 1800s and early 1900s both India and Japan worked towards mechanizing their cotton industries, and while there were many similarities in the way that this industry was developed and the end result significant differences were also present. Low pay and poor conditions were present in both areas and in both china and japan a large part of their labor force came from rural areas. However while in Japan the labor force was overwhelmingly female this was not the case in India. Furthermore the mechanized cotton industry developed much more slowly in Japan than it did in India.

Documents 3,4,7, and 8 show gender roles and differences in Japan and India in this particular industry. Documents 1,6,9, and 10 address the mechanized cotton industry in India while Documents 2,3,4,5,7, and 8 address the mechanized cotton industry in Japan. Documents 4,5, and 9 address the peasant labor in both Japan and India additionally documents 1 and 2 point out the speed of growth and development of this industry in both countries. Finally Documents 3,5, and 9 point out the poor conditions and low pay that was present in both countries. Bias could clearly be found in documents 8 as the picture was taken from the official company history so it was probably staged and used to make people believe that the workers were happy and that the conditions were good in their factories. Additional bias is found in document 5 where Tsurumi, a Japanese industrialist, speaks about the many benefits of industrializing the cotton industry. However as an industrialist he is prone to conformation bias and would do everything in his power to make industrialization look like a good thing.

Despite the similar development of the cotton industry in these two countries distinct differences emerged, primarily in the work distribution between genders. In japan factory workers in the cotton industry were primarily female (doc.8) wheras in India the opposite was true (doc.10). This point is further...
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