School leaders are instrumental to the motivation of their students and to the success of their schools. In exploring the five approaches to motivation, Behavioral, Humanistic, Cognitive, Social Cognitive, and Socio-cultural the book Instructional Leadership: A Research Based Guide to Learning in Schools seeks to highlight the placement and affects of each these approaches on student learning. Authors Anita and Wayne Hoy explore how people learn and the role of motivation as both a general and specific state on student engagement and achievement. All five approaches takes into consideration the individual’s attitudes, behaviors and predispositions and how that contributes to and affects the individual’s ability to learn effectively. Tracie
There are three pillars for teaching effectively. If there is a failure to any part of the pillars students’ quality level of learning is lowered. The first pillar is the constructivist theory students need to first understand the material and then the learner must process the information and then the learner must be given time to practice and apply their new skills. To be able to fully understand a learner needs to make the knowledge a permanent part of their skills learned. Behavior is initiated and regulated by an individual’s plans, goals, schemas, expectations, and attributions (Hoy and Hoy 2009). Engaging students in their learning motivates students and makes them feel confident in their knowledge. As children we learn early the positive and negative tones of our parents. As a child when we did something positive our parents instantly praise us and voice may be excited. However when corrected by parents they may have used a stern slightly ruff voice to correct you. This type of behavior is engraved in our memory and we strive although life to seek those positive rewards whether it be with our parents, friends, teachers, or bosses. In Head start and kindergarten is an...
References: Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social-cognitive theory.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Hoy, A. W., & Hoy, W. K. (2009). Instructional leadership: A research-based guide to learning in schools (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson Education.
Wlodkowski, Raymond (1978). Motivation and Teaching: A Practical Guide.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document