Educational Technology

Topics: Educational psychology, Instructional design, Education Pages: 8 (2402 words) Published: December 25, 2013
Pearly Dawn G. Manaois
BEEd G2-1 Day

TECHNOLOGY

Technology is a broad concept that deals with the usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects the ability to control and adapt to the environment. In human society, it is a consequence of science and engineering, although several technological advances predate the two concepts. People's use of technology began with the conversion of natural resources into simple tools. The prehistorically discovery of the ability to control fire increased the available sources of food and the invention of the wheel helped humans in travelling in and controlling their environment. Recent technological developments, including the printing press, the telephone, and the Internet, have lessened physical barriers to communication and allowed humans to interact on a global scale. However, not all technology has been used for peaceful purposes; the development of weapons of ever-increasing destructive power has progressed throughout history, from clubs to nuclear weapons. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology)

Technology is the use of science in industry, engineering and the like, to invent useful things or to solve problems and in additional it is a machine, piece of equipment, method and the like, that is created by technology. (© 2013 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated)

Some advantage and disadvantage of technology are the following: Advantages
Reach a much larger audience from greater geographic locations Help disabled and geographically isolated students
Help students with busy schedules, freedom to work at home on their own time Decrease overcrowded classrooms
Offer more classes at peak demand times of day and week, increasing flexibility in class scheduling Decrease paper and photocopying costs, promoting concept of "green revolution" Access to students of everything instructors present in the classroom Train students to learn new technology skills they can use later in the work place Disadvantages

Selecting appropriate hardware and software programs
Incompatible technology issues
Challenges when submitting assignments
Some students can't afford modern computer technologies
Students usually pan an online technology fee
Instructors and students need training to learn how to use online technology Possibility of cheating on tests and quizzes 
Difficult to motivate students, requires self-discipline and self-motivation (http://wiki.uiowa.edu/display/edtech/Advantages+and+Disadvantages+of+Technology)

LEARNING
Learning is the activity or process of gaining knowledge or skill by studying, practicing, being taught, or experiencing something in additional it is knowledge or skill gained from learning. (http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/learning)

The term learning refers to the process or the act of acquiring a modification in a behavioral tendency through experience. This term can also be used to refer to the process of acquiring knowledge and skills. Learning is acquiring new, or modifying and reinforcing, existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences and may involve synthesizing different types of information. The ability to learn is possessed by humans, animals and some machines. Progress over time tends to follow learning curves. Learning is not compulsory; it is contextual. It does not happen all at once, but builds upon and is shaped by what we already know. To that end, learning may be viewed as a process, rather than a collection of factual and procedural knowledge. Learning produces changes in the organism and the changes produced are relatively permanent.

Human learning may occur as part of education, personal development, schooling, or training. It may be goal-oriented and may be aided by motivation. The study of how learning occurs is part of neuropsychology, educational psychology, learning theory, and pedagogy. Learning may occur as a result of habituation or classical conditioning, seen in many animal species,...
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