English 101

Topics: Educational psychology, Learning, Education Pages: 4 (1567 words) Published: August 27, 2013
Learning Styles-The Theory of Multiple Intelligences

Devin Jones

Foundations of Online Learning

Learning Styles

Multiple studies and massive hours of research have been conducted on learning styles. However, there has been very little validity reached on the efficacy of learning styles as it relates to education. Learning style theory is described as this: Different students have different modes of learning, and their learning could be improved by matching one's teaching with that preferred learning mode (Parental Involvement in Children’s Education, 1995, p. 311). Howard Gardner defines Multiple Intelligence (MI) as a biopsychological potential to process information that can be activated in a cultural setting to solve problems or create products that are of value in a culture (Gilman, 2001). As a result of the lack of strength linking learning styles to education, the theory of Multiple Intelligence proves even more elusive. This paper will explore the different types of learning styles, how they are developed and the environmental factors that affect and nurture these learning styles.

Have you ever wondered why you can put two students in the same classroom, teach them the same material in the same manner by the same instructor and each individual leave the setting with different levels of retention? Each person has their own preferred learning styles. These learning styles contribute to the level of efficacy that the material presents and there are multiple types of learning styles; Active vs. Reflective, Sensing vs. Intuitive and Visual vs. Verbal. Individuals with active learning styles tend to retain and understand information best by doing something active with it, discussing or applying it or explaining it to others. On the other hand, Reflective learners prefer to think about it quietly first (Felder, 2012). While taking the tests to determine my learning style, it was determined that Active described my preferred...

References: Felder, Dr. R.M., & Silverman, Dr. Linda K. (2012). Learning Styles. Retrieved March 2, 2013, from http://www4.ncsu.edu/unitylockers/users/f/felder/public/learning-styles.html.
Gilman, Lynn. (2001). Development of MI Theory. Retrieved March 6, 2013, from http://www.indiana.edu/~intell/mitheory.shtml.
Hoover, J. Duane., Giambatista, Robert C., & Belkin, Liuba Y. (2012). Eyes On, Hands On: Vagarious
Observational Learning as an Enhancement of Direct Experience. Academy of Management Leaning and Education, 11, 591-608.
Pritchard, Alan. (2008). Ways of Learning: Learning Theories and Learning Styles in the Classroom.
Routledge, NY: Taylor and Francis.
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