|Hawa Jalloh | |Eng 101-06 | |Professor Albee | |December 9, 2008 | | | | | |Rural Poverty in Africa | | | | Africa is the second largest continent in the world but, also the poorest. Africa has many different beautiful islands. | |The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, and is divided into four parts north, south, east, and west. It is extremely | |diverse in terms of ethnicity, language, and culture. Unfortunately, this magnificent country is not a painting of beauty. Parts of | |Africa have been going through a lot of suffering and poverty. | |Poverty is created by lack of access to jobs, public infrastructure (schools, medical care, etc), and lack of access to food. Many | |African countries are blighted by long running civil wars and corrupt governments, which makes it very difficult to get hold of | |supplies or build the necessary infrastructure. When war is ranging all around it is very difficult for these African people to grow | |their crops, or to continue working in an office, or earn money. Most of the times ordinary life becomes impossible, as people are | |forced to flee their homes. I had a friend from Liberia in west Africa, and she told me that her country has suffered from a lot of | |poverty and civil war. She even told me that she suffered from starvation for a week. When she went farming sometimes there is not | |enough food so she can only take what is available. She also told me that she was forced to be a rebellion in her country, and if she | |refused they would do something terrible to her. She said to me “I had no choice because I do not want anything bad to happen to me”. | |Africa is continent known for its deep history and rich culture. However, I discuss why the African people suffer through poverty. | |Predominantly, the rural areas in Africa are poor. More than 70 percent of the continent’s poor people live in rural areas and depend | |on agriculture for food and livelihood, yet development assistance to agriculture is decreasing | |(http://www.ruralpovertyportal.org/english/regions/africa/index.htm). In some parts of Africa, many people live extreme poverty. Rural| |poverty in many areas of Africa has its roots in the colonial system, and the policy and institutional restraints that colonialism | |imposed on poor people. In many transitional economies, the rural situation is marked by continuing stagnation, poor production, low | |incomes and the rising vulnerability of poor people (http://www.ruralpovertyportal.org/english/regions/africa/index.htm). On the | |continent different countries of Africa are affected by warfare. For example, Liberia and Sierra Leone had been in civil war for 12 | |through 15 years. The war corrupted both countries, but now things are getting much better since the new president came in to office. | |For instance, I have...
Cited: |United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) |
|Economic report on Africa (2006)< http://www.ruralpovertyportal.org/english/regions/africa/index.htm> |
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