Final Paper

Topics: Sociology, Cross-cultural communication, Expatriate Pages: 8 (2699 words) Published: May 12, 2011
Final Paper
Julie A. Bankston
Grand Canyon University: LDR-802 Progressions in Leadership Thought May 4, 2011
Dr. Ronald Berman


Over the last ten years or more, there has been an increase in the attention given to leadership in the global work environment. The relative newness is evident when examining the literature that supports the field of study of collaborative work place which is both global and virtual. Evidence is also demonstrated by the assimilation of the European money into one systematic form of money, the Euro. The direction of the world is headed towards a one world government system. I began to develop a strong interest in reading various literatures regarding research that have been completed in foreign countries, because I have strong interest in becoming a part of the global leadership. As a former Peace Corps volunteer, I feel confident that I have the necessary skills and training that an expatriate will need to be a successful leader. Therefore, I reviewed three research leadership literatures in a foreign country or involved a foreign country. I will be discussing: (1) Trust of the direct leader in an organization(supervisors) and the trust of top management in the organization(CEO. (2) International banking business in Tanzania East Africa, skills used to effectively manage their organizational systems and relationship-building, through the use of human resource management strategies. (3) To review literature on the cross-cultural training on different facets of expatriate managers who have or have not adjusted in Nigeria.

Research Study 1: Revisiting the relationship of supervisor trust and CEO trust to turnover intentions: A three-country comparative study. (Costigan, R, Insinga, R, Berman J. Kranas, G. & Kureshov, V. (2011).

This research aims to look at the trust factor of leaders in an international setting, the three countries involved in the research were, United States, Russia, and Poland. The research focused on two trust factors: 1) If the employee’s trust of the supervisor has a stronger association with the employees turnover intentions. 2) If the employee’s trust of the CEO (top management) has a stronger association with the employees turnover intentions, The research study had 320 participants, and the participants were made up of 86 Russian participants, 113 from the Polish participants working in firm in Warsaw and 121 from the U.S. firms located in Rochester, New York. All of the participants had college education or were currently attending a University. The tools used in this study were questionnaires provided to the participants. These questionnaires had questions which addressed trust items and intention to leave employment items. The participant had to return the questionnaires in person or by mail and all questionnaires were completed anonymously. One of the difficulties in this research is that the questionnaires had to be translated into Russian and Polish languages and then translated back into English by one interpreter for each country. The questions asked in this research study are: If the association between CEO/top management trust and turnover intentions is stronger than the association between trust of the supervisor and turnover intentions in a low in-group collectivism culture. In this study collectivism culture refers to the degree to which a culture values individual self-interests versus the collective interests within the society. I will be focusing on the cross-culture impending factors of individuals leaders who work in foreign counties. This research outcome will be compared to the next two research reviews, which also focus on cross-culture impending factors. Does it hurt the company? What is needed to improve the problem with the impending culture factors in foreign companies?

Research Study 2: Human resource strategies for managing back-office employees in subsidiary operations: The...

References: Costigan, R, Insinga, R., Berman, J., Kranas, G., & Kureshov, V. (2011). Revisiting the relationship of supervisor trust and CEO trust to turnover intentions: A three-country comparative study. Journal of World Business, 46(1), 74-83. Doi: 10.1016/jjwb.2010.05.019
Newenham-Kahindi, A. (2011). Human resource strategies for managing back-office employees in subsidiary operations: The case of two investment multinational banks in Tanzania .Journal of World Business, 46(1), 13-21. Doi: 10.1016/j.jw.b2010.05.013
Okpara, J., & Kabongo, J. (2011). Cross-cultural training and expatriate adjustment: A study of western expatriates in Nigeria. Journal of World Business. 46(1), 22-30. Doi: 10.10161j.jwb.2010.05.014
Wikipedia, the Free encyclopedia (2008). Miller Brewing SAB. Retrieved from
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