BARBADOS COMMUNITY COLLEGE
DIVISION OF COMMERCE
ASSOCIATE DEGREE IN ARTS
DEPARTMENT OF GOVERNMENT AND POLITICAL STUDIES
SEMESTER 2: JANUARY - MAY 2012
GOVT 203 – INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
Essay Question: Compare the effects of racial ideologies on North American societies with those on Latin American/Caribbean societies during the period.
Racial ideologies have immense effects and a huge impact on societies, especially those with different races. This phenomenon of racial prejudices and stereotypes changing social systems and structures can be seen in the time period 1500 and 1800 in the regions of North America and Latin America and also the Caribbean. In both regions, the societal effects of racial ideologies can best be seen in the treatment of native people of the regions slaves. However because of the strong impact of differing European nations, and their differing standards, contrasting societal effects can be seen in the interactions between those who implemented the colonialisation of the regions. The idea of European superiority and dominance drove the social structure of the new world, of the regions comprised of north and Latin America and the Caribbean. That is because of this dominant racial ideology, the native people in both regions were often the object of discrimination and oppression. The extent of their ill-treatment differed, as north America they were simply pushed aside or confined to specific areas to live’ whilst in the Caribbean and areas of Latin America they were used as slaves (Williams 1994). In North America, There was a predominately British influence on society, as this was the European power that controlled the most territory. In Latin America and the Caribbean, it was a predominantly Spanish, but also Portuguese influence. The British influence in North America provided colonists with the motivation to emulate them after the mother country. An effect of this group goal was a societal move towards unity and equality among colonist. They did not discriminate against each other. Only against Native Americans and the enslaved African workers. In the Spanish controlled colonies of Latin America and the Caribbean, there was no such sense of unity. Prompted by the Spanish racial ideology of a true separation between those in power, the royal blue bloods and the commoners, transplanted into discrimination within the colonist populations. Those colonists born in the mother country of Spain were considered the social elite, followed by those directly descendant of original Spaniards, and finally followed by those of mixed blood who were children of native and Spanish parents. This racial hierarchy was strict, with specific name and segregation attributed to each category; this was archly different than the colonists of North America, who had no such class system based on race. The differences between British controlled colonies in North America and Spanish controlled colonies of Latin America and the Caribbean felt substantial effects on society based directly of the racial ideologies of their mother countries. In contrast from 1500 to 1830, the regions of North America and Latin America and the Caribbean were dominated by their status as colonial powers. The regions were under foreign European control and were directly influenced by that control. The racial ideologies carried from the mother countries to the region of the new world had societal effects on the social interactions between the colonist and the native people of the area, the slave from Africa, and within the colonist groups. The regions of the new world were effective by the universally felt racial ideology of European dominance and supremacy in their discrimatory treatment of native people and their sustained practice of slave trading. They differed in their inter-colonial relations, as the colonists in North America lived in a society of unity with lack of discrimination and those of Spanish decent and influence in Latin...
Bibliography: Giles-Barrow, Cynthia. Introduction to Caribbean politics: Ian Randle publishers, 2002.
Heywood, Andrew. Political Ideas and Concepts An introduction: London Macmillan press LTD, 1994.
Heywood, Andrew. Politics. London Macmillan press, 1997.
Maggie, Montesinos Sale. The slumbering volcano: American slave ship revolts and the production of rebellious masculinity, Duke University Press, 1997.
Michael, Haralambos and Martin Holborn. Sociology Themes and Perspectives. London: HarperCollins Publishers Limited, 2004.
From Region, Race, and Reconstruction: Essays in Honor of C. Vann Woodward. and James M. McPherson. New York / Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wellman, David T. Portraits of White Racism. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Williams, Eric. 1961 Capitalism and Slavery. New York: Russell, 1994.
Spanier, Steven W. Hook and John. American Foreign Policy Since World II. Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 2004.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document