According to Hamilton-Willie D. 2001, the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade was the most abominable and cruel form of slavery, Greenwood R. and Hamber S. 2003stated that it was neither the first nor the only form of slave trade. Slavery was recognized around the world long before the Egyptians enslaved the Jews. Slavery was not just about the black people who endured the Middle Passage. It was a part of human history. Worldwide, domestic slavery was the most common form of enslavement. Rich men had slaves in their households, and, in some societies, the number of slaves determined his social status. In West Africa, slavery had already existed. The labour supply for West Indian sugar plantations came from West Africa. The ships left one of three slave trading ports, in England (London, Bristoland Liverpool), France (Bordeaux and Nantes) and the Netherlands (Dutch and Amsterdam) to the Caribbean (Bridgetown, Kingston and Castries). Slavery was influenced mainly by the sugar revolution, because of the great the demand for labourers in the Caribbean. The Amerindians who had taken the space as the Europeans slaves decreased and white indentured labourers were not use to the hard work which was needed for the production of sugar. Africans were obtained in many ways, a few of these are that they were captured in raids, they were already slaves and their masters decided to trade them for goods to the Europeans. Some were kidnapped, and others had been put into slavery because they did offences. The impact on West Africa was extreme, their population decreased, children, the sickly and the old were left without someone to look after them. African crop cultivations decreased, their industries were destroyed. Crafts such as iron-working and weaving declined. The Europeans took their most valuable raw material preventing the country to not be able to advance in the new technological era of those centuries.
Statement of Problem
What were the effects of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade on the traditional African society?
What were the factors that contributed to the establishment of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade? How were the Africans captured?
How did the slave trade affect West African societies?
This research area was chosen because the slave trade and its impact on African societies have always fascinated me. I wanted to find out the FACTORS that influenced the slave trade, the IMPACT on West African societies and the MEANS by which slaves were captured.
Information will be obtained by secondary source, text books, and primary source, pictures.
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO THE TRANS-ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE
There are many factors contributing to the establishment of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade: Greenwood R. and Hamber S. 2003 wrote that because of the fierce competition from Virginia tobacco a new cash crop had to be sought. Dookhan I. 1971 stated that the combination of West Indian and Virginia tobacco caused a glut in the market which means that because of the popularity of this product and the fact that Virginia tobacco was better the cost of the crop had dropped. Claypole W. and Robttom J. 2001 wrote that there was a large demand for sugar in Europe, it was needed for purifying, making cakes and biscuits and jam. Honey was Europe’s native source of sugar in the 16th Century. Claypole W. and Robottom J. 2001mentioned that sugar production required large plantations, these plantations had to be at least 80 to 100 hectares before a farmer could make a reasonable profit, this means that more labourers would be required to perform the necessary tasks. Hamilton-Willie D. 2001 mentioned that the Africans were seen as barbaric and ugly, the European saw them as an inferior group of people. According to Greenwood R. and Hamber S. 2003 because of the difference in belief the Europeans made this a reason as to why they...
Bibliography: Atkinson N.C., CXC Lecture Series Caribbean History, 2009
Baldeosingh K. and Mahase R., Caribbean History for CSEC, 2011
Claypole W., Caribbean Story Book 1, 2001
Dookhan I., A Pre-Emancipation History of the West Indies, 1971.
Greenwood R. and Hamber S., Caribbean Certificate History 1 Amerindians to Africans, 2003.
Hamilton-Willie D., Lest You Forget, 2001.
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