ISLAMIC THOUGHT & CIVILISATION
A STUDY ON FORMAL AND INFORMAL EDUCATION
ASSIGNMENT IITC 5010
NAME: ROSLI BIN JAMAL
MATRIC NO : G1336667
MODULE : IITC 5010, RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
LECTURER : PROFESSOR DR ABDUL RASHID MOTEN
A study on formal and informal education.
Is formal education the only way to achieve the ability to read , understand and perform daily transactions?
JUSTIFICATION OF PROBLEM STATEMENT
The reason this research is justifiable because it is hard to be true. In the past forefathers did not attend any form of formal education but they still can read, understand and perform daily transactions.
Compulsory Education (CE) was implemented in Singapore in 2003. The first cohort of pupils coming under CE are Singapore Citizen children born between 2nd January 1996 and 1st January 1997 who are residing in Singapore1. Before 2003, Singaporean can choose whether to send their children to formal or informal education. In the past forefathers did not attend any form of formal education but they still can read, understand and perform daily transactions.
LITERATURE REVIEW 1
What is Education?
From the first literature, the definition of education is extracted.
Education has been defined differently by different people. We draw inspiration from various sources to conceptualize education as the process of imparting and acquiring knowledge, skills and attitude through various forms of teaching and learning with a view to preparing individuals to be responsible citizens (Jackson, n.d.). It is the process by which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills, and values from one generation to another. It is “an important asset that raises people’s aspirations to increased social, economic, and cultural performance; raises their level of awareness of their environment and equips them with the necessary skills and ideology for contending with the problems they encounter in their daily lives” (Ishumi, 1976, p. 6).
There are different types of education ranging from formal to non-formal and informal education depending on the context, methods, curriculum and teaching and learning materials used. In the following section, formal and non-formal forms of education are briefly explained.
“Formal education cannot guarantee a lifelong and well-paid job as it could in the past2…”
LITERATURE REVIEW 2
The second literature review manages to contrast the differences between formal and non-formal education. The differences are shown in the table below.
-Long-term and general
-Certificate not necessarily the main purpose
-Entry requirements determine clientele
-Clientele determine the entry requrementss
-Institution-based,isolated from inviroment
-Rigidliy structured, teacher-centered and resource intensive -Enviroment-based and embedded in the community
-Flexible, learner-centerd and resource efficient
Source: Adapted from Simkins ( 1997,pp. 12-15, cited in Fordham. 1993 )
Figure 1: Flowchart on Theoretical Framework
Referring to the above theoretical framework, these are the hypothesis.
Hypothesis 1: Prophets can read and understand through divine intervention
Hypothesis 2: Formal education lead to the ability to read and understand and perform daily transactions.
Hypothesis 3: Long overseas stay leads to exposure to a language of that country....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document