Running head: THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON TEACHING AND LEARNING
The Impact of Technology on Teaching and Learning
Steven M. Poast
Boise State University
The benefits of technology in the traditional and online classrooms are reviewed. Student performance and perception are researched to see positive impacts in educational environment. Student learning styles are related to technology needs and teaching methodologies. The benefits of online learning and the demands needed to succeed are explored. Finally, future innovations and adaptation of technology in education are reviewed. All research shows that technology as part of the educational curriculum benefits student achievement. The Impact of Technology on Teaching and Learning
Students today are benefiting from the use of technology in the classroom. Teachers are using software programs to help students improve upon underdeveloped skills in a variety of content areas. Student learning styles help drive home the idea of using technology in differentiated instruction. The push continues to take computer standards from a stand-alone part of school curriculum and blend them into every content standard. Technology is fast becoming a part of our daily lives and educational technology must follow suit. Online learning is becoming the answer to many obstacles in education. Time and distance are no longer trouble spots when it comes to professional and educational development. Students can benefit from a teacher’s experience and expertise no matter the location. A new world is opening up right before our eyes. It is a world of accessibility and growth by digital means. This is a time of imagination and innovation. Technology in the Classroom
Technology gives a teacher options in how he or she can reach all the learners in the class. Computers in the classroom provide students with the opportunity to get practice on basic content skills as well as enrichment opportunities. One of the earliest uses of computers in classrooms was to teach the traditional curriculum and basic skills, often operating as a means to deliver instruction, sometimes as a supplement to the teachers’ classroom instruction, and sometimes in lieu of the teachers’ instruction. (Fouts, 2003) Education is not a one-size-fits-all business. Each student brings his or her own learning style to the class. It is up to the teacher to develop lessons which will utilize each student’s way of processing information. Dr. Howard Gardner of Harvard University developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences in 1983. These intelligences include: Linguistic/Verbal, Visual/Spatial, Logical/Mathematical, Musical, Bodily/Kinesthetic, Interpersonal and Intrapersonal. By understanding how to present information to students, teachers have a better chance of seeing success in their classroom. The range of technology available provides teachers with a plethora of options for differentiated instruction.
Software programs like CALL (computer assisted language learning) and MathMedia Educational software, give students struggling to understand such concepts, a chance to break down these skills at a more remedial rate. Word processing has been shown to improve student writing and organization compared to traditional writing instruction. In Statham and Torell’s Computers in Classroom, studies of student writing instruction were reviewed. One study focused on 7th and 8th grade students with learning disabilities. The students were taught peer review strategies and word processing. Some of the findings included: All students improved their content revisions and the number of revisions. Five of six students wrote higher-quality paper-and-pencil compositions following instruction. Once students learned to use the student editor strategy, they were able to help each other make more revisions and improve the quality of their papers. Students with learning disabilities appear to benefit from the...
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