What is imperialism? Why was its history so diverse? Explain by comparing different colonial settings.
During the late 1900’s Europe decided it was in the nation’s best interest to expand their territory and bring inferior race’s under its control. The Europeans would not be the first to expand however they did go one step further, choosing occupied areas. This is the basis for what is now categorized as imperialism. Africa, Asia and the Pacific were three of the first areas to be conquered and permanently occupied. Industrial Revolution empowered Europeans in a way they hadn’t been empowered before; industrialization and technology changed the very nature of imperialism. The European’s possessed knowledge of technology and firearms that no one else could compare to. It was diverse in the sense that the Europeans felt that it was their duty, as well as their right to progress the rest of human civilization by teaching them their own western ways. Because the Europeans reaped the benefits of profit and global power they felt as if they were justified in their actions. Regardless of how powerful the Europeans were, not everyone shared the same views. People questioned their motives and claims of everyone benefiting from the European-style colonization. Eventually those who became subject to the Europeans, became aware of the own lost culture and ways, this began the protest of anti-colonial nationalist.
“Something else is needed for France: that she cannot merely be a free country, that she must also be a great country, exercising all of her rightful influence over the destiny of Europe; that she ought to propagate this influence throughout the world and carry everywhere that she can hear her language, her customs, her flag, her arms and her guns” (Jules Ferry, France Must Be a Great Country, 1883) Jules Ferry defended the expansion of France’s borders in three main ideas; economic ideas, civilization and politics. He explains that without expansion...
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