1.Table of Contents
2. Table index
4. Culture Definition
5. Cultural model by Prof. Geert Hofstede
3.1 Power Distance
3.2 Uncertainty Avoidance
3.3. Individualism vs. Collectivism
3.4. Masculinity vs. Femininity
3.5 Long vs. Short-term orientation
Table 1: Power distance index values (MDI) from 74 countries and regions Table 2: Uncertainty avoidance index values (UVI) from 74 countries and regions Table 3: Individualism index values (IDV) from 74 countries and regions Table 4: Masculinity index values (IDV) from 74 countries and regions Table 5: Long-term orientation index values (IDV) from 74 countries and regions
In this housework we present the intercultural differences between the Federal Republic of Germany and Qatar. Due to the increasing globalization, the interaction between different cultures in the same countries and especially in areas of global financial interest (where multinational companies unite efforts and means). Companies who want to benefit from the economic boom and send delegations to explore the new market have a lot of obstacles to overcome. Such as adaptation to the cultural habits, traditions and history of a country, penetration, growth and survival in the local markets, etc. The key to their success is Respect and understanding to the other cultures. One should first learn about his own culture in order to communicate with others cultures. Several studies have tried to approach and explain those differences. Differences such as Cultural Dimensions according to Kluckhon / Strodtbeck 1961, Hall 1990 and Trompenaars 1993. But probably the most frequently quoted and best known study is by the Dutch cultural theorist Geert Hofstede 1967 - 1973.
Why did I choose for the comparison those two countries?
I'm half Greek and half Macedonian. Born and raised in Germany. During my life I have met many cultures, thus I could always adapt some characteristics of those cultures. The experience I have made while I was working two years in Qatar, the cultural differences I have met and mainly the extreme growth of this country, had driven me to this comparison.
2 Definition of culture
As can be easily deduced from the title, we will try to make a comparison of the cultural status and differences between those two countries. Let us first try to clear out what "cultural" or "intercultural" is. The word culture comes from the Latin "cultura", and cultura comes also from the Latin word "colere". Which means cultivate and educate. We are not born with a special culture DNA, but during our growth and socialization we learn the cultural habits of our society, what we are allowed to do and what we are not. Geert Hofstede, in his book " local thinking - global action ", explains that culture is a collective phenomenon1, because you can share the learned culture with someone who has the same cultural training or understanding. Geert Hofstede uses the term "Software in the mind"2 for the same meaning. Culture is introduced to us since our childhood. This software is developed from the first months of our lives and formed from the surrounding environment. From our parents or those who are “appointed” to maintained this application. We learn from the general behavior to distinguish what is right and wrong. This goes on during the school time, where the teachers begin to teach us what is important for the future. At each stage of our adult life, such as the choosing of a partner, we learn about intercultural understanding. Those practices are then anchored deep in our subconscious, so that we perceive them as normal. Furthermore, the place and the time that someone is born and raised...
Bibliography: Rothlauf, J (2012): Interkulturelles Management (4. Aufl) München: Oldenbourg Verlag
Hofstede, G. (1991): Cultures and Organisations – Software of the Mind. London: McGraw Hill
Hofstede, G. (2001): Culture’s Consequences. Comparing Values, Behaviors, Institutions and Organisations across Nations (2. Aufl.). Thousand Oaks: Sage
Hofstede, G. (2006): Lokales Denken, globales Handeln – Interkulturelle Zusammenarbeit und globales Management (3. Aufl.) München: dtv
WEGGEL, Oskar: Die Asiaten, München, 1989
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