Learning Assessment

Topics: Assessment, Educational psychology, Education Pages: 2 (522 words) Published: June 17, 2013
In classrooms where assessment for learning is practiced, students know at the outset of a unit of study what they are expected to learn. At the beginning of the unit, the teacher will work with the student to understand what she or he already knows about the topic as well as to identify any gaps or misconceptions (initial/diagnostic assessment). As the unit progresses, the teacher and student work together to assess the student’s knowledge, what she or he needs to learn to improve and extend this knowledge, and how the student can best get to that point (formative assessment). Assessment for learning occurs at all stages of the learning process. In past decades, teachers would design a unit of study that would typically include objectives, teaching strategies, and resources. An evaluation component—the test or examination—may or may not have been included as part of this design (Cooper, 2006). The student’s mark on this test or exam was taken as the indicator of his or her understanding of the topic. Assessment for learning

comprises two phases—initial or diagnostic assessment and formative assessment •assessment can be based on a variety of information sources (e.g., portfolios, works in progress, teacher observation, conversation) •verbal or written feedback to the student is primarily descriptive and emphasizes strengths, identifies challenges, and points to next steps •as teachers check on understanding they adjust their instruction to keep students on track •no grades or scores are given - record-keeping is primarily anecdotal and descriptive •occurs throughout the learning process, from the outset of the course of study to the time of summative assessment Assessment as learning

begins as students become aware of the goals of instruction and the criteria for performance •involves goal-setting, monitoring progress, and reflecting on results •implies student ownership and responsibility for moving his or her thinking forward (metacognition) •...
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