Clinical and Developmental Programmes
Nyala Ustanny Id# 12223 9399
Philisia Purville –Bartley Id# 12223 10996
Designing and Implementing the Literacy Programme
The Mico University College
Mrs. Claudette Pilarchie
June 19, 2013
Clinical and Developmental Programmes
A developmental reading program is designed to help students achieve academic success by developing or enhancing their reading skills. It emphasizes reading instruction that is designed to develop systematically the skills and abilities considered essential at each level of reading advancement. Developmental reading refers to those activities “in which the main purpose of the teacher is to bring about an improvement in reading skills- activities in which learning to read is the main goal.” Developmental Reading operates on the grading level system. This type of instruction is given to the majority of children in the regular classroom and systematic and continuous instruction in all skills at all levels by teachers is done. Reading is not a subject but a process that cuts across the entire curriculum. A developmental programme includes diagnosis, correction and remediation because of the varying abilities and rate of learning. Developmental Reading use learning to read techniques such as: phonemic awareness, phonics, and blending skills to help young children get started on the right foot. An underlying premise of this system is that students finishing a given grade should have mastered the language or reading skills and concepts that will prepare them for the next grade. This programme has many benefits, such as to help children become: strong independent readers with good comprehension
Build long- word decoding skills
Read more fluently and rapidly
The developmental reading programme improves comprehension, builds fluency, develops long- word decoding skills and promotes independent reading. The major goal of the developmental reading programme is reading achievement that approaches the limits of each person’s capacity. The programme focuses on the individual not upon the grade level performance, as it may be beneath or above some students. The focus is on the developmental of reading skills in sequence in keeping with expanding reading tasks. Developmental instruction involves instruction at all levels and in all content areas for those who are developing language abilities in keeping with their general capacity levels. Developmental reading
Organizes the reading groups based on age or reading level. Reading levels include Pre-K, Kindergarten, Level One (kindergarten through second grade), Level Two (grades three through five), and Level Three (grades four through six). Make connections with the readers. Subject matter that is introduced in reading programs should allow participants to connect developmentally and educationally. To developmentally connect, material should target the age-appropriate developmental level. For example, kindergartners are focused on self and have short attention spans. Materials for this reading level should accommodate those characteristics. To connect educationally, the subject matter in a reading program should cover topics that are taught in school for the targeted age group. Emphasize standards and benchmarks. Reading programs should consider what state or national standards for reading have been established and strive to achieve those with their participants. For example, national standards assume that "by first grade, the young reader has been introduced to syllables, basic prefixes, suffixes, and root words. . . At the appropriate levels, the child is expected to use these skills to decode unknown words," according to "Children's Writers Word Book" by Alijandra Mogilner and Tayopa Mogilner.
Many children today need additional reading instruction outside the regular classroom. These children not only need a...
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How to Improve Reading Programs | eHow http://www.ehow.com/how_7784334_improve-
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