Background of the Study
Mindanao State University is a melting pot of diverse culture coming from different regions. Different people with different culture and tradition interact and socialize in the campus. Students studying in the university are Muslims and non-Muslims. Many of the non-Muslims studying here came from different places in Mindanao. Most students here engages to relationships with the opposite sex because having a boyfriend or girlfriend gives them inspiration and motivation in studying. Having a partner is very common to non-Muslim students because they are far away from their homes and their parents will not know that they have boyfriends or girlfriends here.
We can observe nowadays in this campus that many students with opposite sex partners are living together in boarding houses. As the researcher first enter in this university, he also observed that it is normal or not new to every student who studies here to see partners living together. “Live-in partners” are very common in this campus. We all know that if the parents will know their son or daughter engage with this, they will not agree or be insulted. We can call this as cohabitation. Cohabitation is an emotional and physical intimate relationship which includes a common living place and which exists without legal or religious sanction. Living in together will sometimes ruin the studies of the students in a way that they start to engage in sexual intercourse and sometimes result to having an unexpected baby. This will lead to both partners to stop going to school.
In the mid-1960s, only five per cent of single women lived with a man before getting married. By the 1990s, about 70 per cent did so. Some people think that living together will lead automatically to marriage, but that often is not the case. Much cohabitation breaks up. For many other couples, cohabitation is viewed as an alternative to marriage rather than a preparation for it. However, this alternative is less likely than marriage to lead to a long-term stable commitment. The cohabiting population, although inclusive of all ages, is mainly made up of those between the ages of 18 and 34. Several common reasons that lead couples to decide to live together include: wanting to test compatibility or establish financial security before marrying, a desire to live as married when same-sex, interracial, or interreligious marriages are not legal or permitted, living with someone before marriage as a way to avoid divorce, a way for polygamists to avoid anti-polygamy laws, and seeing little difference between the commitment to live together and the commitment to marriage. Cohabitants have more health problems than married people, probably because cohabitants put up with behavior in their partners which husbands and wives would discourage, particularly regarding smoking, alcohol and substance abuse. Cohabitants are also much more likely to suffer from depression than married people. Some people describe cohabitation as a rebellion against traditional family forms, striking a blow for freedom and independence. While some people do make a conscious choice to avoid marriage, others simply 'drift into' cohabitation. Many other people live together because it seems the best choice available at the time, even though they see it as far from ideal (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/cohabitationRetrieved: 01/07/13).
According to the study conducted by Simporios about cohabitation in Mindanao State University, she found out that cohabitation is present in this campus and it was proven in her study that many of the respondents belong to the age group 22-23 years old, females, third year students, and Roman Catholics are engaging cohabitation because this age range is the usual age when young adults seek intimate relationships with the opposite sex (Simporios, Lousevelle 2011).
The researcher stayed in this campus for almost 6 years and he observed also that cohabitation is...
References: Gelles, R.J., & Levine, A. (1999). Sociology An Introduction, 6th ed. USA: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Ritzer, George and Goodman, Douglas J
Simporios, Louiseville. (2011). Cohabitation among MSU Students Unpublished Undergraduate Thesis. Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, MSU-Main Campus, Marawi City.
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