marriage as a universal cultural trait

Topics: Marriage, Sexual intercourse, Human sexuality Pages: 12 (4277 words) Published: October 4, 2013
INTRODUCTION
Marriage is a latin word which mean to connect two opposite sexes for the basic human needs. There are two types of sexual relationship, one is matting, the other is marriage.The former is commonly exist among animals and the later is among men and women.we may say that animal mates’ but man marries.Mating is biological but marriage is social affair.It means that marriage is a socially sanctionted union of one or more men with one or more women in the relationship of husband and wife.On the other hand matting is between unmarried couples and is not approved by many societies. Therefore marriage is a legalized relationship but the sexual relation is consider only a part of marriage.It has many causes for example, the legitimacy of children, economic security ect. Marriage is socially recognized universal institution and all most found in every society .Marriage is a social union between a man and woman, which is approved socially and religiously.It is such a stable relation in which a man and woman are socially permitted to have children, implying the rights of sexual relation.It is an approved way for the procreation of children and satisfaction of sex. There are different ways of marriage in different societies. Some societies allow a man to marry only one woman. Some societies allow a male to have more then one wife and vise versa. In some societies a group of male marries a group of female, while in some societies the parents arrange the marriage while in other the male and female arrange their marriage by their self.

DEFINITION OF MARRIAGE
Various authors have defined marriage differently. Some of the important definitions are as below. Waster Mark ;
“as a relation of one or more men to one are more women, which is recognized by custom law and involves certain rights and duties both in case of the parties entering the union in case of the of the children of it. Dr.majundar D.N & T.W Madan;

Marriage involves the social sanction generally in the form of civil or religious ceremony authorizing two persons of opposite sexes to engage in sexual and other consequent and correlated in socio-economic relation with one another. Jacobs and stern;

Marriage is a term for social relationship of husband and wife or of plural mates, also used for the ceremony of uniting marital partners . Robert H.Lowie;
Marriage denotes those unequivocally (automatically) sanction (approval) unions, which persist (exist) beyond sexual satisfaction and then came to underline family life. Mack and young ;
“marriage is the institution or set of norms which determine the particular relations of parents to each other and children,, ……..(1) Edvard Westermarck;
defined marriage as "a more or less durable connection between male and female lasting beyond the mere act of propagation till after the birth of the offspring." In The Future of Marriage in Western Civilization (1936), he rejected his earlier definition, instead provisionally defining marriage as "a relation of one or more men to one or more women that is recognised by custom or law"…….(2) History of Marriage by Culture

Although the institution of marriage pre-dates reliable recorded history, many cultures have legends concerning the origins of marriage. The way in which a marriage is conducted and its rules and ramifications has changed over time, as has the institution itself, depending on the culture or demographic of the time. Various cultures have had their own theories on the origin of marriage. One example may lie in a man's need for assurance as to paternity of his children. He might therefore be willing to pay a bride price or provide for a woman in exchange for exclusive sexual access. Legitimacy is the consequence of this transaction rather than its motivation. In Comanche society, married women work harder, lose sexual freedom, and do not seem to obtain any benefit from marriage. But nubile women are a source of jealousy and strife in the tribe, so...
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