Marriage Pattern of the Gbandi Tribe

Topics: Marriage, Wedding, Family Pages: 10 (3386 words) Published: July 6, 2013
The Gbadi tribe settles in Lofa County, they practice both traditional and western marriage. I BENEDICT S. KPEHE belong to this tribe. Here in I will discuss the mate selection and marriage pattern of tribal group in Liberia taking the Gbandi tribe as case study.

Marriage, in the Gbandi tribe and any other tribal group in Liberia is socially recognized and approved union between individuals, who commit to one another with the expectation of a stable and lasting intimate relationship. It begins with a ceremony known as a wedding, which formally unites the marriage partners. In Liberia traditional society, this union is arranged by parents (Arranged marriage). Arranged marriage is the process of the parent selecting mate for their children. Arrange marriage is still practice today by tribal group in Liberia. The both parents of bride and bridegroom decide the marriage. Specific marriage choices and arrangement s are generally Organize by the couples parents and betrothal was traditionally arrange when the each intended partner was still a child or even at birth. A marital relationship usually involves some kind of contract, either written or specified by tradition, which defines the partners’ rights and obligations to each other, to any children they may have, and to their relatives. Both traditional and western marriage In Liberia is certified by the government. In addition to being a personal relationship between two people, marriage is one of society’s most important and basic institutions. Marriage and family serve as tools for ensuring social reproduction. Social reproduction includes providing food, clothing, and shelter for family members; raising and socializing children; and caring for the sick and elderly. In Liberia societies in which wealth, property, or a hereditary title is to be passed on from one generation to the next, inheritance and the production of legitimate heirs are a prime concern in marriage. H

Marriage is commonly defined as a partnership between two members of opposite sex known as husband and wife. The usual roles and responsibilities of the husband and wife include living together, having sexual relations only with one another, sharing economic resources, and being recognized as the parents of their children. Marriage involves an emotional and sexual relationship between particular human beings. At the same time, marriage is an institution that transcends the particular individuals involved in it and unites two families. In Liberian cultures, marriage connects two families in a complicated set of property exchanges involving land, labor, and other resources. The extended family and society also share an interest in any children the couple may have. Liberia has experienced very rapid socioeconomic development in recent years. This has contributed to a significant improvement in the status of women through expanding education and participation in the modernized sectors of the labor force. Such changes have affected attitudes towards marriage and divorce, patterns of marriage, marital dissolution and remarriage, and the roles and status of women in the family.

Marriage perspective of the Gbandi tribe
The Gbandi tribe like other ethnic groups in Liberia marriage is polygamous and patrilocal. The marriage resident in Liberia society is patrilocal. Although specific details of the family structure vary from one ethnic group to another, Liberia families are generally male dominated. Polygamy is practiced, but its popularity varies according to region, ethnic group, and education. Educated, Christian women living in urban centers, for example, are less likely to marry a man with other wives than other women might be. After marriage, the bride moves in her husband house to live with her extended family.

The Gbandi hold the view that the more wife you get the more respected you are in the society. The older man gets to keep as many wives as possible. A man with...

References: Skolnick, Arlene. "Marriage." Microsoft® Student 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2008.
Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
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