ANT 101 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Prof. Pamela Creasy
June 23, 2014
The two cultures that I am going to comparing is the Eskimos and Jews. There is some difficulty in characterizing marriage practices for whole area and there are regional variations that have long line of history with them. In this research paper I am going to be discussing the topic of Marriage practices is the Jews and Eskimos cultures.
“The Iglulike Eskimos usually practice bride services of one year. After the year of residence in the household of the bride’s father, the couple moved to the groom’s father’s household. In the Cooper Eskimos area, the prospective son-in-law worked as a servant for the girl’s father for a period of three or four years, generally before she reached puberty. Bride service among the Cooper Eskimos was often Supplemental, and sometimes replaced by payments of valuable articles” (Damas, Davide Demographic Aspects of Central Eskimos Marriage Practices. American Ethnologist, Vol. 2. No 3 (Aug 1975). Pp. 409-413.http//www.JSTOR.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp).
The three major groups of Eskimos were first designated as tribes by members of the fifth Thule Expedition and these three groups are Igulik, Netsilik, and Cooper. Information from Nineteenth and early twentieth century describes that each of the tribal units are relatively discreet. With trade routes that intersect in Central Artic Contract between different tribes is most likely very short. There was intermarriages between Mockenzie Eskimos woman marrying into the Cooper Eskimo tribes. There have also been cases of intermarriages between Aivilingmiut Eskimos and Netsilk Eskimos and there also hostility between these two groups also.
The Netsilik had four cases of polygamy compared to two cases of polyandry. However, the census said otherwise. The Census shows there were three cases of polygyny to two cases of polyandry. “Rasmussen (1931: 195) believed that two woman would be more compatible in sharing a husband than two men in sharing a wife. This explanation begs the question of the nature of Eskimo personality.” ( Damas, David. Demographic Aspects of Central Eskimos Marriage Practices. American Ethnologist. Vol. 2 No. 3 (Aug. 1975).pp 409-413. http://www. JSTOR.org/ page/ info/about/ politics/ terms.jsp).
The Jewish ethnic traditions has some marriage practices that differ from other traditions. The Mizrahi’s generally are observant and religious. According to Zionist ideology, ethnic intermarriages is a means of creating a single, unified cultures among Jews in Israel ( Rasen 1982). Mizrahi couples were less educated than those of the mixed couples. They usually married with in the Ashkenazi tradition. In the Ashkenazi community the ones who were less educated, married Mizrahi would join the next generation. The group of Ashkenazi education is relatively higher than it probably would be if they didn’t do the mixed marriages. Education plays a large role in whether they marry into the Ashkenazi or less economically advantaged Mizrahi’s. Patterns of intermarriage are thus challenging concepts of race and ethnicity and are leading to complex views of ethnic and racial boundaries (Harris and Sim 2002; Hirschman 2003; Rockquemore and Brunsma 2002). Jews can trace their roots in Israel past their grandparent’s generation. In Israel context, the assimilation hypothesis suggest that the greater contact of educated Mizrahi with Ashkenazim has led to the erosion of their Mizrahi ethnic consciousness, more frequent intermarriages, the consequent concentration of Mizrahi ethnicity in the lower classes (Ben-Rafael 1982). A well-off educated Mizrahi would marry a poorly educated Ashkenazi. Jews consider marriages to be the ideal state of personal existence, when you have a woman without a man and a man without a wife they consider it to be...
References: Damas, David. Demographic Aspects of Central Eskimos Marriage practices. American Ethnologist. Vol 2 No 3 (Aug 1975). Pp. 409-418. http//www. JSTOR. Org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp)
Rasmussen, Knud.(1931). The Netsilik Eskimos: Social Life and Spiritual Culture Report of the Fifth Thule Expedition, Vol. 3. Pp. 1-542.
Rosen, S. (1982). “Intermarriage and the ‘Blending of Exiles’ in Israel.” Research in race and Ethnic Relations 3:79-102.
Harris, D.R. and JJ, Sim. 2002. “Who Is Multiracial? Assessing the complexity of lived Race” American Sociological Review 67: 614-27.
Hirschman, C. 2003 “The Rise and fall of the concept of Race”. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America, Minneapolis, May 1-3.
Rockquemore, K.A. and D.L. Brunsma. 2002. Beyond Black: Biracial Identity in America. Thousand oaks, C.A: Sage.
Ben-Rafael, E. 1982. The emergence of ethnicity: Cultural groups and social conflicts in Israel, Westport, C.T: Greenwood Press
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