Missionary Activities in Africa
Missionary Activities in Africa
This essay explores the missionaries’ activities in Africa by looking at the landscape of the land that they encountered, the people that they interacted with and the experience that they acquired from the travel. The essay also focuses on the social aspect by looking at the impact the missionaries had on the indigenous people. Through studying the key missionaries that visited Africa on those days, the essay hopes to establish the fact that the missionaries played a great role in bringing civilization to Africa and the different problems that they faced in their activities. Henry Morton Stanley was one of the earliest Wels- American explorers who were sent by The New York Herald to look for Livingstone after he went missing for over three years. He was among the first missionaries to ever travel to the remote, then unknown Congo rain forest. During this period, the missionaries faced several challenges. Among the challenges’ that they faced was the poor transport network (Ashcroft, Griffiths, Tiffin & Ashcroft, 2007). There were no established roads during that time, and they mostly had top depend on navigating using the canoes as water was the only possible mode of transport. Another challenge that they faced was the harsh Africa climate. They were not used to the hot and humid climate which brought many challenges. With that climate, malaria was widespread as mosquitos were easily bred. Many missionaries died from malaria as others died from other complications associated with the weather. The last major challenge that they faced was the hostile communities that they faced. Most indigenous people were opposed to the missionary activities and they even attacked them with the aim of either killing them or stealing their belongings. On his first visit, he arrived on Africa eastern coast and assembled a group of hundred men to compose his caravan and carry the trade goods. He led a group of Arab merchants as they travelled through the African territories that were characterized by frequent fights. He lost few of his people to tropical diseases before hearing the rumors of a white person staying around. He went to where he was directed and met Livingstone for the first time. There had been rumors that Livingstone was dead, and this meeting was historical because it proved that Livingstone was still alive and in good condition though he needed help because he had run out of resources. They spent four months exploring together before Stanley returned to Britain (Dunn, 2004). However, Livingstone stayed behind to continue with his exploration of the source of the Nile. During the second expedition, he was lost in the process of finding his way through the jungle to look for colonial governor Emin Pasha, who had his province in Southern Sudan taken by a coalition of Sudanese and Arab insurgents. They had managed to shake the kingdom as they had established themselves as a strong dynasty under the lead of their cleric Muhammad Ahmad. He had his East African porters who he was travelling with and in one occasion; he sent them out to look for food as they were exhausted travelling in the deep forest. When these porters left, Stanley had thought that they would bring back some food from the farms. However, they did not bring back the food but instead they brought back a couple of African pygmies. These pygmies were a part of a tribe that still occupied the Congo forest during that time. They were from distinct ethnic groups and included people from Aka, Twa, Mbuti and Efe’. To Stanley, this was a discovery; he did not expect that there were people who still lived in the forest. To him, this group did not just represent a local ethnic tribe, but it represented rich historical and mythological heritage. He associated them to the background history that he had heard for...
References: Ashcroft, B., Griffiths, G., Tiffin, H., & Ashcroft, B. (2007). Post-colonial studies. London: Routledge.
Dunn, K. (2004). Fear of a black planet.
Granqvist, R. (2012). Photojournalism 's White Mythologies: Eliot Elisofon and LIFE in Africa, 1959-1961. Research In African Literatures, 43(3), 84--105.
May, C. (2012). Critical survey of short fiction. Ipswich, Mass.: Salem Press.
Nealon, J., & Giroux, S. (2012). The theory toolbox. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Ricard, S. (2011). A companion to Theodore Roosevelt. Chichester [England]: Wiley-Blackwell.
Stanley, H. (2013). Congo and the founding of its free state a story of work and exploration. [S.l.]: Book On Demand Ltd.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document