Module 1, Lesson 2 Guided Notes
Essential Standards Addressed: 2.1.1 (partial); 2.1.5 (partial) ● Slide 2
: What is matter, and what are some examples of matter? Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Some examples of matter would be water, air, and nitrogen!
● Slide 3:
What are the three states of matter that are important in Chemistry? What are the major characteristics of solids? The three states of matter that are important in chemistry are solid, liquid, and gas. The major characteristics of solids are: particles are packed tightly together in an organized matter, usually dense, incompressible and do not flow.
● Slide 4:
What are the major characteristics of liquids?
The major characteristics of liquids are: have a definite volume and have the ability to flow.
● Slide 5
: What are the major characteristics of gases?
The major characteristics of gases are: particles move rapidly and independent, fill the container they are in, and have the ability to flow.
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What are the major differences in pure substances and mixtures? A pure substance always has the same composition and intensive (internal) properties (boiling point, density, freezing point, temperature). Since a pure substance has a fixed composition, you can write a formula for it. A mixture has a variable composition therefore there is not ONE formula for it.
Slide 7 and 9:
What are the differences in elements and compounds? An element has the same kind of atoms, like carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. Atoms of the same type are classified as elements. Whereas a compound is a chemical combination of elements, that may form molecules or crystals. A compound can be chemically broken down into simpler parts.
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What are the 2 major types of mixtures and how are they different from each other?
The two different types of mixtures are homogeneous and heterogeneous. A ...
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