CHAPTER NO 1:
NATURE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
MEANING OF PSYCHOLOGY
The word “psychology” comes form the Greek word (Psyche mean Soul, Logos mean Science), thus the meaning of Psychology is the science of soul.
EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY
Education in the narrow sense is the modification of behaviour of children in a controlled environment. To shape the behaviour of the subject and bring some positive or negative changes, it is necessary to study the science of behaviour. The developmental stages and characteristics of children are very essential factors from which the teacher must aware in order to be a successful teacher. If the teacher has no knowledge of children psychology, how can we expect from him that he would succeed in bringing about the desirable changes in children?
DEFINITION OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY;
Educational psychology is the application of psychological findings in the field of education. Educational psychology is the systematic study of the development of the individual within the educational settings. It helps the teacher to understand the students and enhance their skills. Educational psychology is an applied discipline which combines the two different fields of education and psychology. It is the scientific study of human behaviour by which it can be understood, predicted and directed by education to achieve goals of life. Some famous definitions of educational psychology are given below.
‘Educational psychology is that branch of psychology which deals with teaching and learning.’
CROW & CROW
‘Educational psychology describes and explains the learning experiences of an individual from birth through old age.’
‘Educational psychology is the science of education.’
EDUCATION AND EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY:
Education is an attempt to mould and shape the behaviour of the student. It aims to produce desirable changes in them for all round development of their personalities. Educational psychology helps the teacher to understand the development of his students, the range and limits of their capacities, the process by which they learn and their social relationships.
NATURE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY:
1. Educational psychology tries to study the behavior and experiences of the students. 2. It is not concerned with the ‘what’ and ‘why’ of education, it gives the necessary knowledge and skill for giving education to the pupils in a satisfactory way. 3. It employs scientific methods and adopts scientific approach to study the behavior of an individual in educational environment.
SCOPE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Whom to teach?
Who is to teach?
What to teach?
How to teach?
When to teach?
KEY FACTORS IN AN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS
1. THE LEARNER (PUPIL)
Educational Psychology has the subject matter knitted around the learner. It acquaints us with the need of knowing the learner and deals with the techniques of knowing him well. The total subject matter of educational psychology primarily revolves around this factor_ learner. The Innate abilities and capacities of the individuals, Individual differences and their measurement,
The overt, covert, conscious as well as unconscious behavior of the learner and Characteristics of his growth and development at each stage from his childhood to adulthood.
2. LEARNING EXPERIENCES
Educational Psychology does not connect itself directly with the problem of what to teach or what learning experiences are to be provided for learner yet it has full responsibility of suggesting the techniques of acquiring the Learning experiences. Educational Philosophy decides the aims and objectives, Educational Psychology helps in deciding what learning experiences are desirable at what stage of the growth and development, so that the learning experiences can be acquired with a greater ease and satisfaction....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document