Reflections of the Self

Topics: Self-esteem, Personality psychology, Cognitive dissonance Pages: 5 (1836 words) Published: July 7, 2014
Personal Reflection of the Self
Sarah S. Lawson
PSY/400
September 16, 2013
Joyce Willis

Reflection of the Self
Each and every person is different in their own way; people tend to look at their environments, through nurture and nature to develop a self concept. A persons self concept comes from both their past and their future; who the person is trying to be and who the person used to be. Personality studies illustrate how the individual looks to the world for hope, fear, and an understanding of what the world expects from them. Individuals look to others to see how to interact and for acceptance of who they are. When looking into society, one's self is a personal attitude towards the world. Society influences peoples behaviors and plays important roles in how they choose to interact. There are three concepts of the self that an individual is made up of: Self concept, Self esteem, and self efficacy. We can see how these concepts would interact with who we are, and be able to perceive ourselves in the social world when we take a look into them. This should allow people to share personal events and experiences that are and have interacted with their own personal developments. By determining one's self and understanding the concept of self esteem, self efficacy, and self concept as well as sharing ones personal events and experiences can give an idea as to who they are.

The Self

By perceiving who you are illustrates the self. A persons self-concept will define the way they see these attributes and roles when looking at them self. One ideal definition of self comes from social interactions: these interactions influence and guide individual behaviors. As stated by Meyers (2010), "Self concept is made up of three sources: cognitive dissonance theory, self perception theory, and self presentation theory (p.140)". The self presentation theory demonstrates how people will try to stay consistent; people don't want to be inconsistent or look like a fool. People can take consistency to the extreme and show hypocrisy or insincerity, but still manage to make a good impression and display the perception of them self.

Cognitive dissonance theory shows how people are motivated to maintain a consistency with their own cognitions. People who are unreceptive to self correction justify their actions by believing they are true, this shows that the way people view themselves will become consistent with their actions no matter what they believed in the past. This theory shows self persuasion explanation , even though perception of the self shows you why people compare themselves to others. Self perception is the action of an individual being judged by the action of other traits, attitude, and surrounding factors. When a person feels that their own attitude is missing they will look at them self like someone on the outside would look at them, they do this by looking at their behaviors and the events that led up to the attitude, this is called self perception. People tend to pay attention to their personal actions and attitudes like someone on the outside would, deducting the belief of how strongly a person acts to the situation at hand. People believe in who they are because of these three theories of self. People become more defined by what they believe in them self and their capability to perform over the influences of others that have an effect on their lives. Self efficacy determines how people feel, think and motivate self behaviors. When a person doubts how capable they are they tend to turn away from tasks that are difficult, but when they have a strong idea of them self they will focus on how to perform effectively. Self interpretation is important when one is trying to grasp the idea of one's self.

The Self of Sarah

There are three concepts of the self that I am seen in. These three concepts help to decide the actions I might take and how my personality traits are seen through my eyes, what I see as my role in...

References: Buhrmester, M.D., Blanton, H., & Swann, W.R. (2011). Implicit self-esteem: Nature, measurement, and a new way forward. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100 (2), 365-385. doi:1037/a0021341
Meyers, D. G. (2010). Social Psychology (10th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw Hill.
Schlegel, R. J., Hicks, J. A., Amdt, J., & King, L.A. (2009). Thine own self: True self-concept accessibility and meaning of life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96(2), 473-490. doi:10.1037?a0014060
Zulkosky, K. (2009). Self-efficacy: a concept analysis. Nursing Forum, 44 (2). 93-102. Retrieved from EBSCOhost
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