Reflectivity Tendency To Analyze Oneself Amp

Topics: Educational psychology, Developmental psychology, Erik Erikson Pages: 5 (1069 words) Published: January 8, 2015
Reflectivity-
tendency to analyze oneself & one's own thoughts
help individuals self-correct behaviors and ideas, empower learners to take ownership of ideas Foreclosure-
an adolescent's premature establishment of an identity based on parental choices, not on his or her own Identity Diffusion-
inability to develop a clear direction or sense of self; adolescent has few commitments to goals and values, and seems apathetic about finding an identity; if an identity crisis has been experienced, it has not been resolved Moratorium-

adolescent experiments with goals and values by abandoning some of those set by parents and society; no definite commitments have been made to occupations or ideologies; the adolescent is in the midst of an identity crisis Identity Achievement-

adolescent establishes an identity in which clear decisions about occupations and ideologies have been consciously made General Principles of Social Learning Theory
people can learn by observing the behaviors of others & the outcomes of those behaviors, learning can occur without a change in behavior, the consequences of behavior play a role in learning, cognition (to perceive or understand) plays a role in learning Educational Implications of Social Learning Theory

students often learn a great deal simply by observing other people, describing the consequences of behaviors can effectively increase appropriate behaviors & decrease inappropriate ones Educational Implications of Social Learning Theory

modeling provides an alternative to shaping for teaching new behaviors, teachers & parents must model appropriate behaviors and take care that they don't model inappropriate ones

Age
Skills
2-year-olds
Walk with wide stance and body sway. Can climb, push, pull, run, hang by both hands. Have little endurance. Reach for objects with two hands. 3-year-olds
Keep legs closer together when walking and running. Can run and move more smoothly. Reach for objects with one hand. Smear and daub paint; stack blocks. 4-year-olds
Can vary rhythm of running. Skip awkwardly; jump. Have greater strength, endurance, and coordination. Draw shapes and simple figures; make paintings; use blocks for buildings. 5-year-olds
Can walk a balance beam. Skip smoothly; stand on one foot. Can manage buttons and zippers; may tie shoelaces. Use utensils and tools correctly.

Boys are 12 to 18 months behind girls in physical development, so even early maturing boys do not start their growth spurt until age 11. By the start of the sixth grade, therefore, most girls will be near the peak of their growth spurt, and all but the early maturing boys will be continuing the slow, steady growth of late childhood. Girls will usually have started their menstrual period by age 13. For boys the end of preadolescence and the onset of early adolescence is measured by the first ejaculation, which occurs between the ages of 13 and 16. Piaget’s theory of development represents constructivism, a view of cognitive development as a process in which children actively build systems of meaning and understandings of reality through their experiences and interactions In this view, children actively construct knowledge by continually assimilating and accommodating new information scaffolding

Support for learning and problem solving; might include clues, reminders, encouragement, breaking the problem down into steps, providing an example, or anything else that allows the student to grow in independence as a learner. Parents use scaffolding when they teach their children to play a new game or to tie their shoes George Counts

Concerned with the impact that SES and culture have on students' ability to learn; leader in the Progressive movement. Noah Webster Father of American Scholarship in Education
Benjamin Rush
Founding father; believed the security of the republic lay in proper education. Know Nothing Party
Goal was to prevent Catholic schools from receiving state and...
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