Root of Greed

Topics: Slavery, Atlantic slave trade, British Empire Pages: 14 (4493 words) Published: July 5, 2013
Root of Greed

Money is the fuel, the pursuits to the things we need like food, education, medicine, and our well-being. We as human beings want and desire those things which are far from our grips, but are only attainable with the exchange of money. In this case acquiring items like guns and other goods, the exchange is not of money, but humans. People do imaginable things to acquire it by lying, stealing, and even murder. The start of The story of slavery as a result of lust, greed, and gain all began after the voyage of Christopher Columbus discovery of the new world. He saw what the land had to offer which was a wealth of …that needed more laborers which were the natives to manage it than the land had to offer at the time. And that’s how the need for African slaves was introduced into the New World. By the beginning of the 18th century, black slaves could be found in every New World area colonized by Europeans, from Nova Scotia to Buenos Aires. It was not the Europeans intentions to use black people as the primary source for labor in the 18th century, because the Europeans needed more people to raise crops, clear forests, and mine precious metals. In every New World colony, Europeans experimented with Indian slavery, convict labor, and white indentured servants. The Europeans turned to Africans mainly because there were so many of them. When the Europeans arrived at the New World they brought with them rampant diseases that reduced the native population. As a result there were not enough natives laborers to keep up with the work that needed to be done. Initially, English colonists relied on indentured white servants rather than on black slaves, because half the immigrants were convicts or indentured servants. As late as 1640, there were probably only 150 blacks in Virginia (the colony with the highest black population), and in 1650, 300. But by 1680, the number had risen to 3,000 and by 1704, to 10,000. Faced by a shortage of white indentured servants and fearful of servant revolt, English settlers increasingly resorted to enslaved Africans. Raising tobacco was a very lucrative business and took more people than the colony had at the time to carry out the daily tasks of working on the tobacco farm. Virginians experimented with a variety of labor sources, including Indian slaves, penal slaves, and white indentured servants. England was home to an abundant amount of people who were either drifters, poor, or homeless that was in desperate need of shelter, food, and clothing. Because of this ample amount of available people the colonists brought over these people who were in desperate need of money. Typically, young men or women in their late teens or twenties would sign a contract of indenture. In exchange for transportation to the New World, a servant would work for several years (usually four to seven) without wages. Another factor that contributed to use of slaves was the reduced numbers of Indians in the Spanish colonization. In this colony the Indian’s were exposed to diseases, which reduced the Indian population by fifty to ninety percent. How English North American colonists adopted slavery

In the mid-1660s, the supply of white servants fell sharply. Factors that contributed to shortage of workers were the English birth rate, fewer workers competing for jobs which increased the wages in England, and the great fire that burned much of London in 1666 created a great need for labor to rebuild the city. In 1676, an incident known as the Bacon’s Rebellion, convinced that Virginia's colonial government had failed adequately to protect them against Indians—backcountry rebels, led by Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy landowner, burned the capital at Jamestown, plundered their enemy's plantations, and offered freedom to any indentured servants who joined them. Because of this rebellion for fear of another incident like this occurring it encouraged planters to replace white indentured servants with black...

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