Sample Annotated Bibliography
Some of your courses at Ashford University will require you to write an annotated bibliography. An annotated bibliography is a working list of references—books, journal articles, online documents, etc.—that you will use for an essay, research paper, or project. Although there are no strict formatting guidelines for the annotated bibliography itself, each reference should be cited in APA format. After each citation, provide a summary of the source, indicating how it will inform your essay, research paper, or project. Many pertinent ideas and supporting details come from analyzing and summarizing your sources. An annotated bibliography helps you get a head start on your assignment, and it encourages you to focus your topic as you assess each source, choosing the key ideas and sources that are most valuable for your assignment. Also, you can keep track of your sources as well as the correct formatting for each reference.
Provided below is a sample annotated bibliography.
Aslanian, C.B. (2001). Adult students today. New York: The College Board.
Exceptional resource for statistics on adult learners and their motivation for returning to school. The author presents a study spanning 20 years that illustrates extensive demographics including average age, income, travel distance, cost, ethnicity, gender, religion, and field of study.
Brookfield, S. (n.d.). Adult learning: An overview. Retrieved March 26, 2002, from http://www.nl.edu/ace/Resources/Documents/AdultLearning.html
Excellent and thorough article covering four major research areas: self-directed learning, critical reflection, experiential learning, and learning to learn. The author refutes current definitions of adult learning and motivation and proposes instead that culture, ethnicity, and personality have greater significance than are espoused in the current myths that describe adult learners. This
article is interesting to consider...
Bibliography: Aslanian, C.B. (2001). Adult students today. New York: The College Board.
Brookfield, S. (n.d.). Adult learning: An overview. Retrieved March 26, 2002, from
Donaldson, J. F., Graham, S.W., Martindill, W., & Bradley, S. (2000, Spring). Adult
undergraduate students: How do they define their experiences and their success? Journal of
Continuing Higher Education, 48(2) 2-11. Retrieved March 18, 2002, from
Marienau, C. (1999, Spring). Self-assessment at work: Outcome of adult learners’
reflections on practice
135. Retrieved April 2, 2002, from ProQuest database.
Merriam, S. B., & Caffarella, R. S. (2001). Adult learning theories, principles and applications.
Moore, B. L. (1999). Adult student learners. Penn State Pulse Website. Retrieved
April 3, 2002, from http://www.sa.psu.edu/sara/pulse/adults_65shtml
Sheldon, K. M., & Houser, M. L. (2001). General motivation for college measure. Journal of
Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 152-165
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