Second Amendment-N- Gun Control
Gun control, according to The American Dictionary of Criminal Justice 3rd Edition, is “any regulatory mechanism governing the sale, transfer, manufacture, or exchange of firearms, including screening mechanisms for determining one’s background and possible disqualifications for acquiring a firearm” (Champion 116). Firearms are put into three categories: handguns, rifles, and shotguns. There are also semi-automatic and fully-automatic firearms. What are guns used for? A gun is used for many things in our society such as hunting, target shooting, and self-protection. Everyday gun violence is hard to cope with in a society with so many gun owners, but gun violence is one that will not be corrected overnight. Passing laws or either trying to outlaw guns is like telling the tortoise to outrun the hare. The Second Amendment to the United States Constitution reads as follows: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” In the Second Amendment, the view of the right to bear arms can be seen as both a fundamental right to own a gun and the complexity of gun control, but is the Second Amendment all about rights and no regulation? On June 26, 2008, the United States Supreme Court ruled five to four for the first time in its history “that the Second Amendment protected an individual’s right to bear arms for purposes of self-defense, in the court case, District of Columbia” (Gun Control Follow Up). According to Parents Against Gun Violence, “the District of Columbia Heller case is not the clear-cut case that some would like it to be.” However one chooses to look at gun control and gun rights, both have been side-by-side since the birth of this country. The forefathers instituted gun laws denying gun ownership to many people such as those who refused to pledge loyalty to the Revolution. Though some laws govern gun ownership and serve a good purpose, many written laws on the books need to be enforced or changed. One gun law that works for the protection of the people is The National Firearms Act of 1934, which requires firearms to be registered and taxed, the law was later revised and changed. “Congress passed the first Federal gun laws in 1930’s. The Federal firearms act of 1938 required a federal license for dealers in all weapons and ammunition; sales to convicted felons were prohibited” (Jost 901). Anytime people purchase a gun from a federal firearms licensed dealer, they are required to undergo a federal background check and fill out a Firearms Transaction Record. Registering weapons with the National Firearm Registration and Transfer Record (NFRTR) is way to keep track of weapons that are sold or transferred to individuals living in the United States. Gun makers, importers, and manufacturers must also registered guns with the NFRTR. Even though this is a good way to keep track of firearms, it is in no way a means to an end. The criminals and the mentally challenged still find a way to buy a weapon without registration. Another affected law prohibits dealers from selling or delivering guns to anyone under the age of eighteen. Dealers cannot even transfer a gun to a known person under the age of eighteen, family member or not. However, no paperwork of any kind is needed when a person gives a handgun or ammunition as a gift to a person under the age of eighteen, whether in family or outside of family. Laws imposing minimum age requirements for the possession and purchase of firearms are intended to decrease access to firearms by young people and, correspondingly, to decrease the number of suicides, homicides, and unintentional shootings affecting youth. According to Johnston, “legislation is thus far aimed at imposing penalties on adults who permit a minor under the age of fourteen to get a gun then someone with it” (174). It has been recently debated that “an increase in gun ownership fuels...
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