Significant Changes and Continuities in East Africa Between 600 and 1450

Topics: Slavery, Africa, East Africa Pages: 2 (774 words) Published: June 5, 2013
Significant changes occurred in East Africa between 600 and 1450. Specifically, the increase of slave trade and better, more useful technologies through the Indian Ocean Trade Network. These changes are important because the growth of city-states occurred due to this network. During this period, the overall trade of the region remained relatively constant. This continuity was important because it allowed for economic and technological development to flourish in the region. Safer travel, pacified routes, greater volume of trade, increased efficiency, better quality of goods, increase of slave trade, better, more useful technologies, new agricultural products, more integration of all people, use of banking and paper money, distance of travel, use of trade for diplomacy, and the spread of Christianity and Islam. Much more extensive use of the Indian Ocean, and overall increased trade reaching more areas, like sub-Saharan Africa and northern Europe. Increased agricultural production shifted agriculture from self-preservation to a commercial practice in many areas, the increased production freed up labor for public works projects like the Grand Canal. Slavery grew to a much larger scale as African slave trade developed an extensive system. So many slaves were exported that there were African slave revolts in SW Asia. Bantu migrations caused development of states to organize labor in Africa. Growth of city-states along the East African Coast as Indian Ocean trade began to increase. According to Ways of The World, these city-states, such as Mogadishu, Sofala, and Kilwa became important areas of trade and for interaction of ideas. Merchants traded gold, slaves and ivory for pottery, glassware and textiles. People began using paper money, a concept brought in by Islamic people. There was a large increase in the amount of maritime trade and long distance trade. Better navigational technology, such as the magnetic compass, provided an increase in technological advances. The...
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