Slavery and Abolition
Several years ago I read the Chinese version of Uncle Tom’s Cabin. This book is an anti-slavery novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. This novel “helped lay the groundwork for Civil War”, accords to Will Kaufman. This book brought me the knowledge that there was a time existing slavery in the world. I also see the determination of people to abolish slavery and how hard they have tried. Slavery in American began when the first African slaves were brought to the North American of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619, to aid in the production of such lucrative crop as tobacco. Slavery was practiced throughout the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries, and African-American slaves helped build the economic foundations of the new nation. The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 solidified the central importance of slavery to the South's economy. By the mid-19th century, America's westward expansion, along with a growing abolition movement in the North, would provoke a great debate over slavery that would tear the nation apart in the bloody American Civil War (1861-65). Though the Union victory freed the nation's 4 million slaves, the legacy of slavery continued to influence American history, from the tumultuous years of Reconstruction (1865-77) to the civil rights movement that emerged in the 1960s, a century after emancipation. What was it that brought slavery and freedom together, or in another word, what was it that made people unite and abolish slavery? First of all, let me explain what slave trade is. During the 16th and 17th, slave trade was a “business” which involved the importation of slaved to be used in the plantation, as I described above. As can be seen, firearms, cloth salt and many other items were shipped from the West to Africa, where they were swapped, or traded, for slaves, sometimes handed over by the chief of the tribe himself, who were then taken along the “Middle Passage”, which stretches...
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