The term Special Educational Needs, is used to describe children who have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn or access education , than most children of the same age. Children with special educational needs may need extra or different help, from that given to other children of the same age. Special educational needs can be due to learning, physical or social disabilities. The children may need help/support with a specific learning difficulty in school such as, reading, writing, number work or understanding information. They may also have communication problems, such as expressing themselves or understanding what others are saying. They may experience emotional and/or behavioural difficulties, like trouble making friends, relating to others or behaving properly in school. They could have medical or health conditions which may slow down their progress, and/or involves treatment that affects their education. Sensory or physical needs such as hearing or visual impairment could also affect their learning in school and extra support will be needed. A child with special educational needs may have learning difficulties which make it harder for them to acquire basic skills in school.
There are signs which may indicate a child has special educational needs, although some may not be as obvious and transparent as the signs relating to physical disabilities. The child:
Might be easily distracted, or they may generate distraction or be considered as 'the class clown'. Could be reluctant to do homework, especially unaided.
May be disorganised (late settling into work, last to finish packing up,last to leave the classroom). They may 'forget' to do homework or revise for tests. Might forget tasks they have been given, they might also have trouble remembering more than two or three instructions at once. Might have spider handwriting and/or messy presentation of work. May have an awkward pencil grip, difficulty remembering where...
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