The Diverse Nature of Psychology
University of Phoenix
Stephanie Towns, M.S
December 23, 2013
The Diverse Nature of Psychology
As a modern science, psychology has quickly evolved into a distinct discipline. Psychology initially evolved from philosophy with Aristotle, Plato, as well as Descartes, among others. Psychology has progressed into various sub-disciplines as well as subtopics; however, the major concentration is the clinical study of individual and non-individual performance. Through this combining aspect, the sub-disciplines of industrial/organizational psychology, social psychology, behavioral psychology, cognitive psychology, ecological psychology, as well as educational psychology have cultivated each of their own theories to justify behavior. The distinct nature of psychology’s main theories will be dealt with. The sub-disciplines of industrial/organizational, or I/O, psychology as well as ecological psychology and their subtopics will serve as illustrations of this distinction. Their relevance to other sub-disciplines as well as settings in traditional society will be tackled. Finally, these sub-disciplines plus my theoretical standpoint will be connected, and my psychological involvement to society will conclude the article.
The power of diversity in the area of psychology is incredible. Every sub-disciplines concentrates on a particular field of subject matter; giving fine points in its discipline while also playing a role to other sub-disciplines as well as other fields of humanities as well as science. Within the topic of psychology, diversity has provided evidence in the efficiency in diagnosis as well as treatment in scientific psychology, however, multiplied to various disciplines like geography, ecology, sociology, biology, architecture as well as economics.
I/O psychology’s concentration is with regard to worker selection, appointment, enhancement and growth, as well as appraisal of the job performed. It also evaluates items like workers’ attitude, salary incentives, and the location of the job (Bucklin & Alvero, 2000), and deals with worker motivation, work satisfaction, worker behaviors as well as attitudes and organizations procedures and techniques (Campbell, 2002). I/O psychologists assist corporations to acquire an effectual as well as non-discriminatory work application, appraise the satisfaction scale, motivation of the workers of the corporations, as well as study the situation in the work place.
I/O psychology as well as its subtopics can be implemented to a collection of other sub-disciplines in psychology like motivation, performance and ecological indicate a few. The investigation and models can coincide between the sub-disciplines, each utilizing the topics to further its own investigation as well as other philosophies. The topics of I/O psychology can also be utilized in commerce as well as organization management, corporate finances and accounting, as well as the enhancement human resources department in the corporation. Environmental psychology started in the 1960s and is a growing area that incorporates a number of other disciplines with the learning of applied psychology (Stewart, 2007). Comprehending how individuals, recognize, interrelate and communicate to nature and its surroundings is the objective of environmental psychology (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995). A particular subtopic is the adaptation-level philosophy, which established on the belief that the environment is a stimulus and individuals respond in accordance with this stimulus to reach the balance. Environmental-stress philosophy is another subtopic which says that environmental component creates a pressure response inside the person and the person then responds with coping techniques (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995). Coping techniques includes physiological alterations and environment alterations which are comparable to the adaptation-level philosophies. Physiological,...
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