the scramble for africa

Topics: Atlantic slave trade, Colonialism, Africa Pages: 2 (505 words) Published: April 27, 2014
Student’s name: Hoai Nguyen
Class: 9GB
Year 9 History Assessment
Industrial Revolution Project
The Scramble for Africa

In the time between 1886 and 1914, there were events called European “scramble for Africa”. They were called “scramble for Africa” because there were a lot of European countries who colonized African countries and tried to seize lands in Africa. Soon, the European countries completely established themselves on the land of Africa making it open to Western exploration. As a result European countries colonized all Africa except Ethiopia and Liberia. Britain, France and Portugal were the main colonial powers in Africa, but Belgium, Germany, Italy and Spain were also involved. The following map shows the colonialism in 1914.

With the development of industrialization throughout Europe, competition for raw materials increased. Industrial productions required human resources and naturals. However, most of Europe was resource poor. European countries wanted to control lands that had the raw materials they needed for their industrial economies such as rubber, cotton, copper, tin and tea. They realized that Africa was cheap labor, limited competition and have all resources that they needed. Since these resources were unavailable in their countries, they started to storm Africa.

They also wanted to open up markets for the goods they made because Europe was producing more industrial goods than Europeans could consume. Therefore, industrialists sought markets for their goods around the world. The industrialists encouraged their government to accept colonization of Africa in order to protect markets for their industrial goods. With the opening of these markets, financial services became an increasingly important sector of the British economy.

European countries were able to impose their will on African countries by using technology. Steam engines, railroads and telegraphs made them able to penetrate deep into Africa and still have...

Bibliography: BBC.The story of Africa. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/special/1624_story_of_africa/page35.shtml
Alistair Boddy-Evans.(July 8,2011).What caused the Scramble for Africa.
www.africanhistory.about.com
ST John’s College Cambridge.(2014).The Scramble for Africa. www.joh.cam.ac.uk
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