Antietam- September 17th, 1862.
It was the first battle to be fought in the American Civil War to be fought on northern soil. It was noted as the bloodiest day in American history. Over 23,000 soldiers were killed or wounded. The Battle of Antietam ended the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia's first invasion into the North and led to Abraham Lincoln's issuance of the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
Appomattox- April 9th, 1865.
The Battle of Appomattox Courthouse was the Army of Northern Virginia’s final battle and was the beginning of the end of the American Civil War. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, surrendered 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. Days earlier, Lee had abandoned the Confederate capital of Richmond and city of Petersburg, hoping to escape with the remnants of his Army of Northern Virginia, meet up with additional Confederate forces in North Carolina and resume fighting. Concluding, the American Civil War.
Civil Rights Act- The Civil Rights Act of 1866 granted citizenship and the same rights enjoyed by white citizens to all male persons in the United States without distinction of race or color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude. This act contributed to the movement of the Radical Republican Movement which favored increased intervention in the South and more aid to former slaves, ultimately to Andrew Johnson's impeachment.
Emancipation Proclamation- January 1st, 1863.
As the nation approached its 3rd year of war, The proclamation declared "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." The freedom of the slaves were in the hands of the Union military. Though the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation, it captured imagination of millions of Americans and fundamentally transformed the character of the war.
End of Reconstruction- 1870-1876
The end of the reconstruction ended when the federal government could not support the reconstruction. For the first time the Democratic party held office and for exchange to have a republican in office the democrats in congress would have hold of the south. The Compromise of 1876 marked the end of Reconstruction as a distinct period, but the struggle to deal with the revolution in the slavery’s era would wait for a later date.
Force Act- 1870
The Force Act of 1870 designated criminal penalties to those who interfered with the right to vote, bring threat, or other measures. The legislation represented an acknowledgment of the rights, and protection of the citizens regardless the color. This legislation allowed thousands of freedmen to register to vote and to be elected to governmental offices. This reconstruction of voting helped the differences between blacks and whites.
Fort Sumner- 1860
Fort Sumner was when the first shots were fired in the war.
Freedmen's Bureau- 1865
Freedman’s Bureau was established in 1865. It helped former black slaves and poor whites in the south from the aftermath of the civil war. The freedmen’s bureau helped with shelter, food, and medical aid to those in need. It also established schools and offered legal assistances to black slaves and poor whites. This helped the rehabilitation of the civil war by picking up the pieces of the fallen people in the south.
Battle of Gettysburg- 1863
This is considered to be the most important encounterment of the American Civil War. The confederate army had a energising win over the union. The first days of the fight started on July 1st. On July 3rd, 1863 Lee ordered an attack by fewer than 15,000 troops in enemy’s center at cemetery Ridge. This was called “Picketts charge”.
Grant Elected President- 1868
The election of Grant was the proposition by the people to end the turmoil. He was the symbol of Union victory during the Civil War. Grant allowed Radical Reconstruction to run its course in the South
Grant Re-Elected- 1872
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