What is the Vax Model

Topics: Learning styles, Sense, Sensory system Pages: 5 (485 words) Published: October 14, 2013
Visual, Auditory and Kinesthetic (VAK) learning style model

A common and widely-used model of learning style is Fleming’s (2001) Visual Auditory Kinesthetic (VAK) model. According to this model, most people possess a dominant or preferred learning style; however some people have a mixed and evenly balanced blend of the three styles: 1.

Visual learners

2.
Auditory learners

3.
Kinaesthetic learners

Visual learners tend to:

Learn through seeing


Think in pictures and need to create vivid mental images to retain information


Enjoy looking at maps, charts, pictures, videos, and movies


Have visual skills which are demonstrated in puzzle building, reading, writing, understanding charts and graphs, a good sense of direction, sketching, painting, creating visual metaphors and analogies (perhaps through the visual arts), manipulating images, constructing, fixing, designing practical objects, and interpreting visual images



Auditory learners tend to:

Learn through listening


Have highly developed auditory skills and are generally good at speaking and presenting


Think in words rather than pictures


Learn best through verbal lectures, discussions, talking things through and listening to what others have to say


Have auditory skills demonstrated in listening, speaking, writing, storytelling, explaining, teaching, using humour, understanding the syntax and meaning of words, remembering information, arguing their point of view, and analysing language usage

Kinaesthetic learners tend to:

Learn through moving, doing and touching


Express themselves through movement


Have good sense of balance and eye-hand coordination


Remember and process information through interacting with the space around them


Find it hard to sit still for long periods and may become distracted by their need for activity and exploration


Have skills demonstrated in physical coordination, athletic ability, hands on experimentation, using body language, crafts, acting, miming, using their hands to create or build, dancing, and expressing emotions through the body.

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The following are some techniques that you can use to help students develop, explore, and enhance their learning strengths. The more a student can learn through a combination of all the modalities—visual, auditory, and kinaesthetic - , the more embedded the learning will be.

Encourage visual learners to:

use graphics to reinforce learning.


colour code to organise notes and possessions.


use colour to highlight important points in text.


take notes.


illustrate ideas as a picture before writing them down.


ask for written directions.


use flow charts and diagrams for note taking.


visualise spelling of words or facts to be memorised.

Encourage auditory learners to:

read aloud.


recite information to learn.


use tunes or rhymes as mnemonic devices.


read aloud and tape test questions or directions.


use verbal analogies and storytelling to demonstrate their point.

Encourage kinaesthetic learners to:

make models or role play to physically experience learning.


skim through reading material before reading it in detail.


annotate text and write questions while reading.


translate information into diagrams or other visual study tools.


recite a list of items by counting on fingers.


memorise or drill while moving e.g. when walking.


listen to music while studying.
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