Topics: Educational psychology, School, Education Pages: 12 (3580 words) Published: January 27, 2013
A Phenomenological Study on Parent Involvement Using Epstein’s Framework: Its Impact on Pupil’s Performance Mary Grace C. Cape, Gee Rianne B. Pitogo, Cherrie Mae C. Quinio Jacient Mar Cardosa, Kathlene Joy Caño, Carolyn Miot

Cebu Normal University
College of Teacher Education
Educ.15- Introduction to Research


Among the most influential factors on the lives of the children are their parents (Zedan, 2011). It is therefore critically important to find out how parents feel about school involvement and how they perceive their roles in such interaction (Radu, 2011). The study of Ashbaugh (2009) stated that parents also take part in controlling all aspects of schooling hand in hand with the community. The involvement of parents is multi-dimensional, and is composed of various types of behavior, attitudes, and parental expectations (Toran-Kaplan, 2004). (Rahman, 2001) Numerous studies confirm the assumption that when parents get involved with their children’s studies, pupils perform better. While research also shows that parental involvement is essential in the education of the children and leads to academic gains (Wright, 2009). Such academic benefits for pupils with their parents involved include higher grades and test scores and positive attitudes about education (Mapp, 2003).

Bakker and Denessen (2007) stated that parental involvement is likened to a concept in social sciences which is a value loaded term Parent involvement is defined as having an awareness of and involvement in schoolwork, understanding of the interaction between parenting skills and student success in schooling, and a commitment to consistent communication with educators about student progress (Pate and Andrews 2006).

A lot of researchers have studied parent involvement and its positive effects to education for many years. The study of Dr. Joyce Epstein (1990) has championed the importance of parent involvement. Her study went beyond normal ideas and discussed the premise stating that parent involvement should go beyond school and home, inviting a partnership between homes, schools and communities (Wright, 2009). In her six types of Parent Involvement framework, Epstein (2001) suggests that parents who are informed and involved in their children’s school can positively impact their child’s attitude and performance. Importantly, her research shows that parental involvement can have a positive impact on student’s academic work at all grade levels.

The six types of involvement interactions that operate within the theory of overlapping spheres act as a framework for organizing behaviors, roles, and actions performed by school personnel and family and community members working together to increase involvement and student achievement (Epstein, 1995; Epstein et al., 2002). These six types of involvement are defined and categorized in the follow ways; Parenting-helping families (e.g., parents and extended family members) to become aware and knowledgeable about child development, and providing resources that enable them to establish home environments that can enhance student learning ; Communicating-effective, appropriate, relevant, two-way contact about school events (e.g., open houses, conferences, testing workshops), student academic or personal development and progress, and/or insight (e.g., success or challenges) within the home environment; Volunteering-organizing and participating in activities initiated by school personnel (e.g., parent- teacher association) or generated by community members aimed at supporting students and school programs, such as service-learning projects, Big Brothers Big Sisters programs, or violence reduction assemblies; Learning at home-providing information to parents and families about school procedures (e.g., homework expectations, grading scales) in order to help them augment their children's academic activities; Decision-making-including parents and family members from all backgrounds as...

References: Abouchaar, A. and Desforges, C. 2003. The Impact of Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievements and Adjustment: A Literature Review. ISBN 1 84185 999 0
Altschul, I
Angion, Stanford E., Ed.D. (2009).Perceptions of marginally involved parents of academically low performing students in rural schools for increasing their involvement in their children 's education. Alabama, United States: Alabama State University.
Ashbaugh, J. (2009). A Study of the Effects of Parental Involvement on the Success of Students on a High-Stakes State Examination. Duquesne University. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.
Avvisati, F. et. al. (2010). Parental Involvement in School: A Literature Review
Bakker, J
Childs Trend Data Bank, 2004. Parental Involvement in Schools.
Department for Children, Schools and Families (2009). The Impact of Parental Involvement on Children’s Education. London: DCSF.
Department for Education and Skills (2004). Delivering Skills for Life: The national strategy
for improving adult literacy and numeracy skills
Duncan, L. G. and Seymour, P. H. K. (2000). Socio-economic differences in foundation
level literacy
Epstein, J. (2001). School, family, and community partnerships: Preparing educators and improving schools. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Epstein, J., Sanders, M., Simon, B., Salinas, K., Jansorn, N., & Van Voorhis, F. (2002).School, family,and community partnerships: Your handbook for action (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Feinstein, L. (2003). Inequality in the Early Cognitive Development of British Children in the1970 Cohort.Economica, 70, 73-97.
Feinstein, L. (2004). Mobility in Pupils ' Cognitive Attainment during School Life, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 20 (2), 213-229.
Fishel, M., & Ramirez, L. (2005). Evidence-based parent involvement interventions with
school-aged children
Georgiou, Stelios N. (2010). Parental Attributions as Predictors of Involvement and Influences on Child Achievement. British Journal of Educational Psychology. DOI: 10.1348/000709999157806
Harris, A
Holloway S., Yamamoto Y., Suzuki S.,Mindnich J. (2008).
Determinants of Parental Involvement in Early Schooling: Evidence from Japan
Hutchins, D., Greenfeld, M., & Epstein, J. (2007). Family reading night. Larchmont, NY:
Eye on Education.
Lee, J., & Bowen, N. K. (2006). Parent involvement, cultural capital, and the achievement
gap among elementary school children
Mapp, Karen L. "Having Their Say: Parents Describe Why and How They are Engaged in Their Children 's Learning." The School-Community Journal 13 (2003): 35-64.Michigan Department of Education. 2001
McBride, B
Muller, D. (2009) Parental engagement: social and economic effects, Australian Parents Council.
Ogunshola, F. and Adewale, A.M., (2012). The Effects of Parental Socio-Economic Status
on Academic Performance of Students in Selected Schools in Edu Lga of Kwara State Nigeria
Patall, E. A., Cooper, H., & Robinson, J. C. 2008. Parent Involvement in
Homework: A Research Synthesis
Pate, P. E., & Andrews, P. G. (2006). Research summary: Parent involvement. Retrieved [date] from http://www.nmsa.org/Research/ResearchSummaries/ParentInvolvement/tabid/274/Defaut .aspx.
Rabaa Al Sumaiti .School of Government (DSG),(2012). Parental Involvement in the
Education of Their Children in Dubai
Rahman, J. (2001). The Effects of Parent Involvement on Student Success. Retrived from
Sumaiti, R
Toran-Kaplan, N. (2004). Parent involvement, self esteem, and the achievements of pupils in the intermediate level. Ph.D. Dissertation. Haifa: University of Haifa
Vellymalay, S
Wanke, Ashley Ann. Parental Involvement in Children’s Education. (January14, 2008). Potsdam, New York
Wright, T
Zedan, R. (2011) Journal of Educational Enquiry Vol. 11, No. 1. Retrieved from http://www.ojs.unisa.edu.au/index.php/EDEQ/article/viewFile/636/589
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • whatever Essay
  • Essay about Whatever
  • Essay on Whatever
  • Whatever... Essay
  • Whatever Essay
  • Whatever Research Paper
  • whatever Essay
  • Essay on Whatever

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Aventura | Controllo Appetito, Lipidi e Carboidrati | One Piece 890